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Lecture 5

RLGA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Tyrant

Course Code
David Perley

of 6
Lecture 5
February 4th, 2013
- Apocalyptic: End of the world end of an era (end of one way of
o Revelation
o Vision
o Unveiling
o Visionary traditions
- Messiah: Anointed one
o Special designation by God
o Hope for a king to come back to deal with injustice
o No king for a king to come back
o Impending moment in time when something is going to happen
Somebody will fix things & evil will be eradicated
Destructive components in apocalyptic traditions evil
people get wiped out
o Foretold in tradition
- Word messiah changes from Jewish to Christian traditions
- Maccabean Revolt Judah (Hammer) reclaims temple for short period
of time
- 70 CE Temple destroyed, Messianic hope destroyed & when they
revive tradition they make it not so reliant on this hope of a Messiah
- Jewish sect, apocalyptic awaiting Messiah to come - Jesus is identified
as the Messiah the Jewish were waiting for
- Christians look back on Isaiah and his prophecy of a messiah sees
- [sidenote] Backreading: Almost for all religions, the people look back
into the readings and tries to make sense of what‟s happening in their
life then from the texts from before
Lecture 5
February 4th, 2013
- Developed messiah to a cosmic level „cosmic universal savior from
o Salvation
o Can contrast to classic messiah: one who saves us from
oppression, evil, injustice
- Christo Greek translation of Hebrew Messiah
Apocalyptic (Christianity)
- Early Christianity: Urgency to repent because of no inkling of when
messiah will arrive & if you do not repent then you will be punished
o Repent figure things out!
o Death & destruction as punishment
o Reward: Long life, many children
- Shift to focus after death worried about Eternal Life
o Right obedience heaven (immediate presence of God)
Reference to paradise (Garden of Eden) still exists but cut
off from us
o Wrong obedience hell
- We want to repent & be ready Messiah was here, now he‟s gone, but
he‟s going to be back
- Focused changed from apocalyptic to eternal life (still have belief in
apocalyptic history)
Eschatology: When world is completely gone there are only 2 ways to go
(heaven or hell)
Jesus in the Gospels
- Jews are key figures in death of crucifying of Jesus
- During this time, Romans controlled Jerusalem did not like any sort
of challenge
o Jesus radical figure
Lecture 5
February 4th, 2013
o Worked miracles
- Jewish praying for the messiah & Christianity is growing out of that
o Jewish: A messiah will arrive and kick the invaders (Romans) out
of the Temple
- Historically: The Romans way to punish crucifying but apparently it
was the Jews that ratted him out
Mosaic “Composite Portrait” of Jesus
- Jesus made up of pieces diff community diff ideas
- 4 perspectives became gospels
o They go off preaches these lessons to groups & these groups
believe & practice influenced by these gospels
- Authors of these gospels disciples of the apostles
o Second, third hand account can only piece together mosaic
image of who he was
- Pieces melded them together so that gospels are connected
Repeat stories from one another
- Wanted to keep more then one gospel paranoia: did we miss
something? All of these have content that‟s a literally different
All gospels have own versions, they interacted with each other Jesus
made up of all these many little pieces (stories)
The Two Commandments
1. Love for God
2. Love for One‟s Neighbor
- Jesus in the New Testament is like an improved version of the Old
Testament We can see this as Christianity starting to pull away from
the Jewish tradition
o God in Hebrew Bible is angry, wrathful, tyrant