Review- ISLAM.docx

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17 Apr 2012
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Islam
Themes to Define:
DHIKR
FANA
HADITH
HAJJ
`ID AL-FITR
IJMA
IMAMIS
JAHILIYAH
QIBLAH
QIYAS
SHAHADAH
SHAYKH
SHI`IS
SUNNAH
SUNNIS
SURAH
UMMAH
WALI
ZAKAT
Theme to Study:
THE PRE-ISLAMIC CONTEXT
BROAD CONTEXT: ARABIAN PENINSULA; JUDAISM; CHRISTIANITY; ZOROASTRIANISM
PRE-ISLAMIC PERIOD = “COUNTERPOINT”
JAHILIYYA; ABRAHAMIC MYTH
“REVIVIFIER”
MUHAMMAD [Sacred Biography: pp. 269-274]
c. 570-632 CE
SACRED BIOGRAPHY (e.g., COMPILED 767 CE)
o 611 CE: BEGINS RECEIVING REVELATIONS FROM GABRIEL
o YATHRIB (MEDINA): 622 CE = HIJRAH
o D. 632 CE: RETURNS TO MECCA
THE SEAL OF THE PROPHETS; ‘SUNNA’
THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM
ESTABLISHED BY THE 10TH CENTURY
SHAHADAH
SALAT
ZAKAT
FASTING
HAJJ
[JIHAD]
THE QUR’AN [Muhammad and the Qur’an in Context: pp. 274-278]
COMPLETION OF REVELATION
WIDER SCRIPTURAL CONTEXT
COMPILATION: UTHMAN (3RD CALIPH)
HEAVENLY TABLETS
INIMITABILITY
Necessary Reduction
It is true that we instinctively recoil from seeing an object to which our emotions and affections are
committed handled by the intellect as any other object is handled. The first thing the intellect does with an
object is to class it along with something else. But any object that is infinitely important to us and awakens
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