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13 Mar 2011
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Lecture 6: March 1st, 2011
Mark:
-scholars believe earliest written gospel
-65-70 CE (within text: Jesus has a prophecy of Jerusalem in ruins foreshadows the
destruction of the Temple)
-Mark is represented by winged lion (gospel begins in desert, lion = desert)
-Was Peters disciple
-Scholars believe the Gospel of Mark was based on more than one source
-Expresses idea of apocalyptic urgency need for repentance in this lifetime for salvation.
Matthew:
-75-80 CE
-symbolized by winged angel: angel comes to notify Mary she will give birth to Jesus, withi
Matthews gospel we get infant Jesus narrative
-Jesus as savior of Jews, messiah in sense of Judaism
-contains much of Marks narratives and additional material as Jesus as divine with
superhuman powers
-Jesus as supreme teacher of Torah
Luke:
-85 CE
-symbolized by winged ox: gospel opens in temple (ox is animal of sacrifice within temple)
-gospel as savior of gentiles (not only Jews)
-unique because of the emphasis Luke portrays Jesus as having on the marginalized of
society (poor, women, prostitute, outcasts)
-scholars believe authors of the gospel of Luke also authors of Acts
-writing presented for roman-greco audience (ie. The story of Jesus being arrested told
without blame on Rome)
John:
-90-100 CE
-symbolized as eagle: eagle as soaring spiritual metaphor
-Jesus presented as the eternal divine son of God, Word as flesh
(Word from Greek word logos to mean all divine purpose)
-Different from other 3 gospels; presents events in different sequence: not as much as what
Jesus said and did but more on Jesus nature. Jesus being is the teaching
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-Paul as founder of Christianity: sends letters to communities as the idea of Christianity
spreads.
-Paul 50-60 CE letters come before John
-Jesus dies around 30 CE
Consensus
-born around 4BCE raised in Nazareth
-brother = James (pivitol in church in 50-60 CE)
-story of baptism of Jesus highly plausible
-Baptist message: why is one being baptized a consistent message
-you are being baptized to repent for sins and prepare for end
-typically followers of Jesus were fishermen, women, farmers
-public ministry lasted about 3 years
Consensus Cont
-ministry arouses suspicion by Romans (anybody trying for social and political action would
have been put down quickly)
-as Jesus is active in ministry he senses he is fulfilling Hebrew Bible (ie. Confronting
money squandering at temple)
-last supper: arrest was documented (treason against Roman Empire)
-crucified ~ 30-33 CE, with the label King of the Jews (sarcastic) grounds for charge of
treason and crucifixion
Early Formation of Christianity
-Israel Mediterranean Roman Empire
-missionary religion, key component: spread message and increase numbers
-eventually official religion of Roman Empire: after collapse of empire, Christianity spreads
north into Europe and to the east.
-by 4th century, roman empire not Christianized, Constantine sets motion by instituting
tolerance as an official policy. Used cross in banner in military campaigns. Claims a dream
of a cross in the sky helped him win a battle.
-Justinian creates roman empire as Christian.
-Paul tries to oversee Christianity in each area, as Christianity grew Bishops were
appointed to oversee authority
-there were 5 bishops (Antioch, Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople)
-bishop of Rome becomes instated as primary authority (modern day: pope- pope means
father of ..bishops, church..) Rome was chosen because it made sense socially and politically.
-the apostle Peter is said to have lived his last days in Rome, Peter as the rock of the
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Document Summary

65-70 ce (within text: jesus has a prophecy of jerusalem in ruins foreshadows the destruction of the temple) Mark is represented by winged lion (gospel begins in desert, lion = desert) Scholars believe the gospel of mark was based on more than one source. Expresses idea of apocalyptic urgency need for repentance in this lifetime for salvation. Symbolized by winged angel: angel comes to notify mary she will give birth to jesus, withi. Jesus as savior of jews, messiah in sense of judaism. Contains much of marks narratives and additional material as jesus as divine with superhuman powers. Symbolized by winged ox: gospel opens in temple (ox is animal of sacrifice within temple) Gospel as savior of gentiles (not only jews) Unique because of the emphasis luke portrays jesus as having on the marginalized of society (poor, women, prostitute, outcasts) Scholars believe authors of the gospel of luke also authors of acts.

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