-Paul as founder of Christianity: sends letters to communities as the idea of Christianity
-Paul 50-60 CE letters come before John
-Jesus dies around 30 CE
-born around 4BCE raised in Nazareth
-brother = James (pivitol in church in 50-60 CE)
-story of baptism of Jesus highly plausible
-Baptist message: why is one being baptized a consistent message
-you are being baptized to repent for sins and prepare for end
-typically followers of Jesus were fishermen, women, farmers
-public ministry lasted about 3 years
-ministry arouses suspicion by Romans (anybody trying for social and political action would
have been put down quickly)
-as Jesus is active in ministry he senses he is fulfilling Hebrew Bible (ie. Confronting
money squandering at temple)
-last supper: arrest was documented (treason against Roman Empire)
-crucified ~ 30-33 CE, with the label “King of the Jews” (sarcastic) grounds for charge of
treason and crucifixion
Early Formation of Christianity
-Israel Mediterranean Roman Empire
-missionary religion, key component: spread message and increase numbers
-eventually official religion of Roman Empire: after collapse of empire, Christianity spreads
north into Europe and to the east.
-by 4th century, roman empire not Christianized, Constantine sets motion by instituting
tolerance as an official policy. Used cross in banner in military campaigns. Claims a dream
of a cross in the sky helped him win a battle.
-Justinian creates roman empire as Christian.
-Paul tries to oversee Christianity in each area, as Christianity grew Bishops were
appointed to oversee authority
-there were 5 bishops (Antioch, Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople)
-bishop of Rome becomes instated as primary authority (modern day: pope- pope means
father of ..bishops, church..) Rome was chosen because it made sense socially and politically.
-the apostle Peter is said to have lived his last days in Rome, Peter as “the rock of the