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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Notes


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Lecture
6

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Lecture 6: March 1st, 2011
Mark:
-scholars believe earliest written gospel
-65-70 CE (within text: Jesus has a prophecy of Jerusalem in ruins foreshadows the
destruction of the Temple)
-Mark is represented by winged lion (gospel begins in desert, lion = desert)
-Was Peters disciple
-Scholars believe the Gospel of Mark was based on more than one source
-Expresses idea of apocalyptic urgency need for repentance in this lifetime for salvation.
Matthew:
-75-80 CE
-symbolized by winged angel: angel comes to notify Mary she will give birth to Jesus, withi
Matthews gospel we get infant Jesus narrative
-Jesus as savior of Jews, messiah in sense of Judaism
-contains much of Marks narratives and additional material as Jesus as divine with
superhuman powers
-Jesus as supreme teacher of Torah
Luke:
-85 CE
-symbolized by winged ox: gospel opens in temple (ox is animal of sacrifice within temple)
-gospel as savior of gentiles (not only Jews)
-unique because of the emphasis Luke portrays Jesus as having on the marginalized of
society (poor, women, prostitute, outcasts)
-scholars believe authors of the gospel of Luke also authors of Acts
-writing presented for roman-greco audience (ie. The story of Jesus being arrested told
without blame on Rome)
John:
-90-100 CE
-symbolized as eagle: eagle as soaring spiritual metaphor
-Jesus presented as the eternal divine son of God, Word as flesh
(Word from Greek word logos to mean all divine purpose)
-Different from other 3 gospels; presents events in different sequence: not as much as what
Jesus said and did but more on Jesus nature. Jesus being is the teaching
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-Paul as founder of Christianity: sends letters to communities as the idea of Christianity
spreads.
-Paul 50-60 CE letters come before John
-Jesus dies around 30 CE
Consensus
-born around 4BCE raised in Nazareth
-brother = James (pivitol in church in 50-60 CE)
-story of baptism of Jesus highly plausible
-Baptist message: why is one being baptized a consistent message
-you are being baptized to repent for sins and prepare for end
-typically followers of Jesus were fishermen, women, farmers
-public ministry lasted about 3 years
Consensus Cont
-ministry arouses suspicion by Romans (anybody trying for social and political action would
have been put down quickly)
-as Jesus is active in ministry he senses he is fulfilling Hebrew Bible (ie. Confronting
money squandering at temple)
-last supper: arrest was documented (treason against Roman Empire)
-crucified ~ 30-33 CE, with the label King of the Jews (sarcastic) grounds for charge of
treason and crucifixion
Early Formation of Christianity
-Israel Mediterranean Roman Empire
-missionary religion, key component: spread message and increase numbers
-eventually official religion of Roman Empire: after collapse of empire, Christianity spreads
north into Europe and to the east.
-by 4th century, roman empire not Christianized, Constantine sets motion by instituting
tolerance as an official policy. Used cross in banner in military campaigns. Claims a dream
of a cross in the sky helped him win a battle.
-Justinian creates roman empire as Christian.
-Paul tries to oversee Christianity in each area, as Christianity grew Bishops were
appointed to oversee authority
-there were 5 bishops (Antioch, Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople)
-bishop of Rome becomes instated as primary authority (modern day: pope- pope means
father of ..bishops, church..) Rome was chosen because it made sense socially and politically.
-the apostle Peter is said to have lived his last days in Rome, Peter as the rock of the
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