Lecture 8.docx

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23 Apr 2012
Lecture 8:
- Allah is the Arabic word for quran
- Allah is mentioned in the quran
- One misinterpretation is that Allah is a completely different God than those of the Judaism and
- A devoted muslim believes that their God is the same God as the one from Judaism an d Christianity
- Messages sent by this god was received by various prophets, and the religion was finally completed
with the arrival of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
- Sufism has a mystical component to it, where it is like a mystery
- Quran is the completion of the revelation
- Islam also developed in a polytheistic community, and Prophet Muhammad was aware of these
other traditions while preaching his own religion
- Given the Quran it is obvious that there is knowledge in the book about other religions
- How the quran came to Prophet Muhammad is described in the Quran itself
- The tradition of islam develops a chronoly of islam
- Islam was initially spread orally
- Muhammad was literlally a preacher in the street, who tried to convince people
- In the end he had several followers so he had a synchronized way of preaching Islam
- Academically the book was made 30 years after the prophet
- The document that is compiled by uthman is the actual carbon copy of the Quran from heaven
- The quran was sent down first, then the stories of the prophet, and teachings were written in books
- Quran is a text that is not meant to be recited quietly, it is meant to be read out loud
- The sound and recitation of the quran gives it the beauty
- There is a story that is expressed from the sound of the quran
- The Quran is multidimensional (stories within stories)
- Islamic religion has developed a certain chronology to determine when specific parts of the quran
have been revealed and where
- The first thing an analect does with another object is to link it with something else (by comparing)
- James (academic scholar) believes that we have to compare things to other things in order for us to
study it properly
Identity formation:
Who I Think I am:
- My identity is not just identified by looking into the mirror
- Your reaction to me identifies my identity
- Identity is formed by who I think I am, who you think I am, who I think you think I am
Sunni- Shi’a Split:
- Conversion happens normally through personal contract
- Sufism was a key component of Islam spreading around the world
- People don’t convert to the religion by force, quran says not to force people
- As the muslim tradition spread and as rulers became muslims, you have meetings with the people of
the leading empire (muslim rulers), and if the leader of the empire accepts islam, the entire
community would accept Islam
- Jews and Christians were considered to be protected under the Islamic rule
- The issue of Muhammad’s (pbuh) successor lead to the groups of Sunni and Shia
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