Lecture 5 and 6.docx

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23 Apr 2012
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Lecture 5: February 15, 2011
- Christianity is like an apocalyptic, where people need to make changes to improve or else something
bad will happen over time
- The Gospel is a holy book in the religion of Christianity
- The Gospel can tell you information about Jeses and who he was
- There are several different gospels present (more than 4)
- There are 4 versions on the life of Jesus in the Gospels
Mosaic:
- is a collection of pieces of information that are combined to give complete biography of Jesus
- Each piece in the mosaic is somehow related to each other because they are connected together
-The early Christians felt that one perspective of Jesus is not enough so they wanted more perspectives
Love For God:
- Half of the Ten Commandments deal with how to behave and love God, where as the other 5 refer to
how to behave and love human beings
- Christianity represents the notion that the divine God does not just give life and create the world, but
he is also physically part of the world and amongst themselves
- Jesus is simultaneously fully human, and fully God
Missionary component:
- Christianity should be visualized as a missionary religion
- Missionary: there is something about the message that it wants to broadcast, for example it wants to
spread the message to everyone
-Benefit of missionary is that more people will follow your religion, thus having more followers gives you
more power
All Roads lead to Paul:
-Paul is often referred to as the founder of Christianity
- Paul and the letters he wrote were so pivotal for forming the early church, that you can consider him
as the “CEO” and for getting the religion of the ground
- Paul is also known for suggesting that Christianity could be a religion for Gentiles (it could attract any
faith, even jews)
- Language of early Christianity is Greek
- Paul allowed non-Christians into the religion
- Christiantiy starts of as a sect from Judaism into something different, which is now accessible to all
people
Christ: As Redeemer
- Jesus is focused less on law and regulations, but more on getting your inner state with the right
relationship with God
- Paul was a little different because he believed that inner faith was more important than outward show
and religious practices
- Paul stressed more on the daily activities of Jesus and his nature
- Paul also focuses on the sacrifice that Jesus gives (he actually sacrificed himself) in attempt to redeem
us as sinners
- Paul explains that we are all sinners, and it’s okay because God is always listening
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- Paul says that we are justified as sinners, God sees us as sinner, and that it is okay
-Christians focus as jesus as the redeemer as well as the commands of God
Perspectives On The Christian Bible:
- Bibles considers that a sin is a major problem that requires a resolution
- we have all inherited sins, its part of our genetic makeup, and Jesus is only there to remove us from it
- Another word for testament is: covenant or contract
- in Christianity there was an old testament and a new testament
New Testament:
- Scripture is believed to have many errors
- The bible cannot be taken as a “hard line document”, meaning it should not be considered literally,
because it has a lot of mistakes
Gospels in Focus:
- The types of Gospel are the Gospels of: Mark, Mathew, Luke and John
- authors of these books were not actually eye witnesses
- Books were reconstructed by those who were close to jesus
- There were other Gospels that did not make the “cut” or get approved by scholars, even if they were
written by disciples of Jesus
- Example of this is the Gospel of Peter (disciple)
- Gospel of Jesus stated that Jesus did not die on the Cross but he was resurrected and sent to heaven
- Gospel of Peter conflicted the other books, thus it was rejected
- The language of New Testament was written in Greek, because at that time everyone was speaking
Greek so the Gospels were also written in the same language for the Gentile population
- First three gospels (Mathew, Mark and Luke) are closes connected, because they are very similar in
terms of showing the story of Jesus and his life. Gospel of mark talks about jesus as teh savior of gentile,
gospel of
- Gospel of Mark was made first, then Gospel of Mathew, and then Gospel of Luke, and then Gospel of
John
- First three books talk about Jesus, and key events in his life, things about his journey, his travel, his
actions, more from a narrative perspective etc.
- Gospel of John is slightly more abstract; also focuses on Jesus in the role of Son of God
The Saying Gospel , Q document:
-The source in which Mathew and Luke used to make their Gospel is Called Q, it is believed that they
both copied the ideas of Mark to make their own Gospels (hence they have a literary relationship)
- Synoptic Gospels share a literary relationship
Q is the only way to account for the following three sets of facts:
1. The synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark and Luke) share a literary relationship
2. Mark is the earliest of the synoptic gospels. Matthew wrote second. Both Matthew and Luke
used Mark as a source for their own Gospels.
3. Matthew and Luke share an “indirect” literary relationship. This means that Luke did not copy
directly from Matthew.
Markan priority is another way of saying that Mark wrote first
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