Lec 8 + 9 notes

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Published on 2 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Religion
Course
RLGA02H3
Professor
Lecture 8 + 9 02/04/2011 18:24:00
Historical Development
Sunni-Shia split
caliphs
othe prophet(pbuh) didn’t leave a successor
Shia
believe there should be a familial relation through blood
Ali should have been the first caliph
didn’t recognize the first 2 before him
Ali is assassinated->internal strife
Hussein challenges the 5th’s legitimacy
Uzaid-hussein killed at kabala
oShia consider it a martyrdom
dying for religion; in defense of
he is rewarded
oAshura-pivotal day of mourning
oregret, guilt for not being there that day
quran was the first authority
different hadith literature
the idea of the prophet is different
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therefore shia law is different
Role of the imam essential in the string of authority
need the Imam to penetrate the true meanings
I-successor of prophet in shia tradition
Difference in between Imam
7ers, 12ers-disappeared, accultation, spiritual disappearance, in a
metaphysical holding place
Geopolitical explanation
having a leader that is not there helps the minority to survive
Ulama-> the community of spiritual leaders
There are differences even between the minority groups
Ismailis
aga khan current imam
\
Sunni Imam
leader of worship, administrator of law
no massive spiritual authority-key diff between shia imam
ali does become caliph, but is the 4th one
Place quran as number 1 authority and the Hadith as second
Codification
book was sent out with people to transplant the ideas to people
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recitation
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman-codification, Ali, Muawida [Hussein]
Common ancestry between the two.
Islamic Law
Its theology incorporated into a legal frame work
very crucial, one way to define a muslim is to see which law school they belong to
Sources
Quran, Sunna, Consensus, Analogy
analogy from idea from past
consensus to do with things not found in quran and hadith
4 Schools-> considered true implementation of islam in the legal sense
Sunna->originally meant the example of the calipha
there was a model initially but it was that of the caliph
Hadith-> collected, raw materials of the sunna, help to form a general
concept about the prophet
Sharia-> based on quran and hadith literature
9th century
Ibn Idiris al Shareef
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Document Summary

Sunni-shia split caliphs o the prophet(pbuh) didn"t leave a successor. Shia believe there should be a familial relation through blood. Ali should have been the first caliph didn"t recognize the first 2 before him.  role of the imam essential in the string of authority need the imam to penetrate the true meanings. 7ers, 12ers-disappeared, accultation, spiritual disappearance, in a metaphysical holding place.  geopolitical explanation having a leader that is not there helps the minority to survive. There are differences even between the minority groups. Ismailis aga khan current imam leader of worship, administrator of law ali does become caliph, but is the 4th one no massive spiritual authority-key diff between shia imam. Sunni imam: place quran as number 1 authority and the hadith as second. Codification book was sent out with people to transplant the ideas to people www. notesolution. com recitation.