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RLGC41H3 Lecture Notes - Asteroid Family, Harappa, Nataraja

Course Code
Lisa Henry

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Key Terms for Hinduism
1. Sanatana Dharma
Sanatana Dharma means enternal faith
it gives discpline in the religion
it describes how a hindu should live life
One’s dharama is sanatana dharma
To say that all everyone that practices the Hindu religion is the same
Sanatana Dharma is an enternal law which all hindu’s fall under, hinduism
being very diverse this makes all the hindu come together in a sense under
this law
how everyone has a duty in life and they should all fulfill their duty correctly
there is know specific way of worship or deity to follow in hinduism you can
worship any deity you please to worship
Sanatana Dhrama being another word for hinduism- hinduism being very
Sanatana means no begining and no end and dharam means right
2. Tilak (or tilaka)
a dot or mark on the forehead made with red or other coloured powder
they are forehead markings to tell which devotee they follow
three horiziontal straight while lines across the forehead you are a shiva
one red vertial red straight line in the middle of the forehead you are a
Vishnu devotee
3. Bharata
is the native term for India
the term for india back in the day in the Indus Valley Civilzation period time
4. Karma
Karma the word itself means actions or deeds
One’s actions, whose cumulative result is held to have a determining effect
on the equality of rebirth in the future existances
The type of caste that you were born into was believed to be do to the type of
karma that person had in their previous life ( lower caste- bad karma in the
past , higher caste- good karma was done in the past)
there is good karma and bad karma in a sense
Karma works together with the cycle of reincarnation without either one
these they do not work
in al indian relgions there is a belief that al actions would entail a
consequence good or bad of some sort whether you did them noe presently
or in your previous life
what goes around comes around old saying
With karma there is some type of natural mechanism which conditions
someone destiny
by praying to your deity they can lower your karma
when you build up your bad karma you are trapped in the cycle of reincartion
to escape the cycle you need to fuilfill your duty and do good karma
ex: doing your duty , your role in life properly and to the fullest
5. Samsara
The continuing cycle of rebirths – therefore the cycle of reincarnation
the cycle of birth and death
one of the ideas in hinduism to reach moska which is liberation
samsara, karma, dharma and moksa all work together in reaching the
ultimate goal ( liberation)
6. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC)
this civilization existed well between 3000 to 1500 BCE
It was mainly made up of 3 cities:
oMohenjo Daro
this civilzation spread over 1 million km2
this civilization had their own rights and their own law systems
The people in IVC believed in procreation and pureity
ofemale reproductive power- this was considered sacred
opurity- they had in the middle of thier cities a big great bath- mainly
used for rituals and other occasions ( spirtual purification and hygenic
they practiced worshiping goddesses
during their time meidtation was practiced among the people in this
the cities int IVC were very organized
oeach of their houses had its own toilet system
7. Mohenjo- Daro
one of the cities that made up the Indus Valley Civilziation
there is uniformity in these towns
Mohenjo- Daro means Mound of the Dead
8. Harappa
the other town that made up the Indus Valley Civilziation
between Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro it was over 480 km apart
the Indus Valley civilization was covered alot more by the Harappa town
people in the Harappa civilization were impressive builders ( lived in planned
9. Aryans
they were not highly organized
they were nomads rather than settled agriculturists