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SOCA01H3 (591)

Groups and Organizations

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Ivanka Knezevic

Lecture Notes Thursday, October 25, 2012 7:47 PM The main concepts for today Formal sociology  Forms of social life o Simmel and Toennies: If you want to know about formal sociology you need to know two things: form and purpose  Form is the same across different community life; the way people interact is the same (at home, clubs, church, work, etc.)  Idolizes all areas of social life  Dyad - any interaction which includes two nodes; whenever two units are interacting it forms a dyad. o Based on essential equality o Highly invested in interaction (two people)  Triad - completely different from Dyad; o unequal; o You've open the door to power o With three people, if only two people (alliance) agree, the third person doesn't matter. Triads introduces power into social interaction Simmel didn't consider if two people with unequal power interacted in a dyad Social networks - sets of nods (individuals, groups of people, organizations) connected by ties across which social or material resources are exchanged. Asymmetrical ties  Parent and child  Professor and students with knowledge Redundant ties - not necessary Strong and Weak Ties Strong ties are much resources; where social interaction is frequent Weak ties are where exchange is limited; where social interactions is infrequent. Granovetter discovered "strength of weak ties"; in certain situations (looking for a new job) weak ties are better than strong ties; People in strong ties, (family members, friends) only have information you already have and already know. You want new info (when looking for a new job in a field interesting to you) and acquaintances are better because they flow in different social networks than you Networks have no boundaries; No so in social groups; Social groups 1. engage in regular interaction 2. Structure, statuses and roles - Tepperman emphasizes on leadership; seems to think leadership is an important structure of social groups 3. Awareness of membership (identity) 4. Boundaries - distinction between members and outsiders; they engage in resetting those boundaries to treat their members favourably and treating outsiders unfavourably. Social categories Types of social groups: Primary groups 1. Small, face to face interaction 2. Subjectively important to members 3. Long duration Secon
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