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Lecture 1 Notes.docx

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Ivanka Knezevic

SOCA01 – Intro to Sociology 1 September 13, 2012 What is Sociology? - Tepperman, Albanese, Curtis: 1. Sociology is a study of social behavior in human societies. - Focuses more on individual behaviour - Emphasis on agency, current in sociology of the 2000s - Social cause neo-liberalism and rational-choice theory - Neo-liberalism: 1. Economic policy – a doctrine that believes that markets should be left free and that government should not regulate or if they do, should be regulated with the corporations in mind. - Knezevic: 1. Sociology is a study of social relations, created in an interaction of agency, social structure and culture. - Instead of focusing on each team member individually, focusing on social relations and how the team works together. - Agency: 1. Purposeful human action. - Social structure: 1. A relatively stable network of social relations that enable and constrain individual agency. - Culture: 1. Ideas (understanding, values, norms) about society. - Examples: 1. Gender 2. Religion 3. Music Do we really need Sociology? - Common-sensical explanations of social life are usually: o Untested (their own experience applies to everyone in society, i.e. People from abusive families believe this is “normal”) o Marred by voluntaristic bias (People with good idea, attitudes, and values have good lives) o These are usually not accurate and require research to prove (sociology) - Sociological knowledge is: o Systematically tested in research, and o Aware that events are shaped not onl
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