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SOCA01H3 (591)
Mc Kinon (98)

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

SOCA01 LEC 1: SOCIOLOGY AND SUICIDE • Sociology became serious with industrial revolution an scientific revolution • Science of society—sociology • Do social forces exist? Do they relate to sociology? o Found sociology is related to suicide rates • Social behaviour important human behaviour, controls it • Micro: face to face interactions, concrete, here and now • Macro: people you relate to, more abstractly • Global structures: ie. Multinational companies,UN,most abstract • Suicide and sociointegration(good example of macro structures) • Tend to think of suicide as invidual act(ie Hamlet, “to be or not to be”) o Social forces operate in hidden ways o We think that suicide comes from psychological conditions o Must accept role of social forces • When it comes to psychological forces Durkheim looked at some o No relationship between psychological disorders and suicide, in fact some seem to protect people who want to commit suicide • Social forces he called social integration(degree to which you’re a member of a larger whole, those socially integrated share values, beliefs with others,) • Macro examples: religion integration, integrated by ethics • Kinship group-being member of large extended family o People who are socially integrated are constrained(held back from being to individualist, what Durkheim called social integration) • Forces can be high, medium or weak • Modern society weakly integrates, all sorts of subcultures in our society(ie different religions multi-ethnic, multi-racial) o Modern society has different life cycles(different periods we go through in life) o At one time there was mainly only one religion,ethnic,music, etc. • Social integration aka social solidaity(degree which they’re connected) • Durkheim’s Theory of Suicide o Modern society(egoistic suicide) When integration is low o Anomic sucidie(social integration is weak) • Suicide rate lowest when social integration is in the idle o As social integration increases in traditional society, you can get altruistic suicide • All three suicides shaped by social forces • Modern society’s integration called orgamic soliditary according to Durkheim o Believed too much individualist is a threat, and are likely to commit egoistic suicide b/c individual not bound together by common culture • Traditional societies have what is called mechanical soliditary( high integration, people depend on approval of others, as we move from traditional to modern the ego, referring to social personality, becomes vulnerable/exposed to suicide • Ie London during WW2 Blitz, Germans dropped bombs on London, you would expect suicide rates to go but it didn’t’ o When people face common danger social soliditary increases, work together, become members of a group • Level of social integration varies within Canada so we can expect suicide rates to vary as well • Males tend to be less well integrated than women, leading to higher suicide rates o Result of the way we are raised, women taught to be more social, express feelings etc • Judaism-high integration(low suicide rates) • Catholiosim-intermediate integration(intermediate suicide) • Protestantism- low integration, high suicide • Jews tend to live in same ethnic community, protestants have the highest level of egoistic suicide • Egoistic sucide social profile(hypothetical individual who has all these traits is socially isoloated) o Male o Protestant o Petless o University educated(especially dentists) o Urbanite o Single o Dominant group member • In Catholicism there is confession, a social inter
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