- Both macro- and micro sociology
- Patriarchy determines people’s opportunities in life.
- Power structures and values, not biology, determine social position of
males and females.
- Patterns of gender inequality should be changed, barriers addressed,
- Disagreement about relative importance of patriarchy and other forms
of inequality (class, ethnicity, race):
- Maternal feminism (women are superior to men), radical feminism
(women should be separate from men), Marxist feminism (gender
inequality is class-based), liberal feminism (importance of legal equality).
- Modernism (Thomson: Enlightenment) has not fulfilled its promise of
rational, free and equal society. Therefore, all assumptions (rationality,
universality, belief in progress) and results of modern thought should
either be deconstructed or rejected.
- Stresses the validity of subjective meaning: there is no truth about
society (cf. positivism) and all perceptions/interpretations of it are
- Extreme post-modernism: society does not exist – only people’s
perceptions and interpret