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Lecture 5

SOCA01 Lecture 5.docx

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Ivanka Knezevic

Self and society: Statuses, roles, self, identities 22/10-midterm test - 110 MC, 2hours, 35% lectures and 65% from readings - Pay attention to the most important researches for results for every studies - No numbers Status and Role – definitions - Status: a position in relation to other people. - Examples: a hockey player, a restaurant server, a human resource specialist, social worker, a sex trade worker, a father, a sister, a best friend, a voter. - Roles: expected behavior of a person in a particular status (Shaffir and Pawluch follow Parsons: responsibilities and privileges of a status). - A status describes what one is, a role describes what one does. - Structural functionalism: roles restrict agency strongly. Ascribed and achieved statuses - An ascribed status: usually one a person is born into (e.g. class), or imposed by nature, usually considered as unchangeable. - Ascribed statuses are socially constructed. - The all-India census 1868-1871: gender categories understandable to the British, but not to many Indian communities. - An achieved status: earned or chosen by the actor (e.g. class), usually considered as chargeable. - Ascribed statuses often influence achievement of statuses. - Examples? Role conflict - A situation where the demands of one role are at odds with another. - 1. Time demands of multiple roles: the actor must choose which role to fulfill; - 2. Internalized norms of one role spill over into another and result in inappropriate behavior in that role. - 1960s US: an increased number of divorces of middle-class couples, caused by husbands’ inability to abandon norms of managerial role at home. Symbolic interactionlism and social constructionism - People act in situation on the basis of the meaning (definition) that the situation has for them, not on the basis of objective characteristics of things and people. - Thomas and Thomas “If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.” - The meanings (definitions) are created and negotiated in social interaction. - Berger and Luckman combine symbolic-interactionist and Weberian approach: Self and society: Statuses, roles, self, identities - 1. Social reality is socially constructed; - 2. By claim makers who attempt to change definitions of reality; - 3. Success of claim makers depends on the distribution of power between them and other social actors (including opponents). - E
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