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Lecture 7

SOCA01 Lecture 7.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Ivanka Knezevic
Semester
Fall

Description
Deviance Sociological definition of deviance - Deviance is non-compliance with social norms that provokes a negative social reaction, and an attempt to control the behavior and/or punish the perpetrator. - Crime is deviance sanctioned by law. - Object and subjective concepts of deviance: moral status accorded thoughts, actions, characteristics, and persons. Types of deviance - Social diversions: harmless non-compliance to social norms; it does not elicit sanction (“fads”). - E.g. dye your hair pink in color in high school - Social deviations: non-compliance to social norms that elicits an informal sanction. - E.g. using computer to buy shoes in class - Conflict crimes: non-compliance to law; members of society disagree about its seriousness and the appropriate sanction. - E.g. smoking weed, downloading music without paying for it - Consensus crimes: most members of society agree on their seriousness. - Is theft a consensus crime? - Is murder a consensus crime? - Cf. Sacco and Horton: ordinary and extreme deviance. Theories of deviance - Questions: - 1. Why do some people engage in deviance? - Structural-functionalist theories: strain, cultural support, differential association. - Symbolic-interactionist: transactional, labeling - 2. Why don’t all people engage in deviance? - Structural-functionalist: social control - How are behaviors defined as deviant? - Structural-functionalist: conservative control theory - Neo-Marxist: radical control theory - Post-modernist: discourse as means of social control-normalized by the powerful; minority views are unheard. Strain Theory – Merton - Lack of fit between the accepted cultural goals and socially acceptable means available to achieve these goals. - This strain creates four types of coping strategies: innovation (crime), ritualism, retreatism, and rebellion. - Critique: fails to account for middle-class and upper-class crime and deviance. Cultural Support Theory – Sutherland - Subcultural theory Deviance - People become deviant because they are exposed to learning experiences that make deviance more likely, i.e. to a subculture of deviance. - Rationalisations: deviant people learn to believe that their behavior is morally acceptable. - E. g. the company desife it, SEARS is a large company that they are afford it lol - Knezevic: a weak critique: tautological (values are inferred from behavior, behavior is explained by values) - Differential association theory: stron
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