Lecture 11 :D 11/22/2012 4:15:00 PM
Four Main Ideas on Gender
Gender is a vantage point of critique (feminism is activist, not just
Gender is a social construction (not an essential, biologically based,
unchangeable characteristics of humans).
Gender is realized in social roles and institutions (gender is both
identity and structural constraint).
Gender is a relation of inequality.
Any gender ideology Is a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Knezevic this reflects the development of North American
feminist sociology and assumes high salience of gender/
impossibility of gender-neutral social arrangements.
Gender is a Social Construction
Gender is a socially constructed identity that is thought to be
appropriate to a biological sex.
Essentialism view that male-female differences are universally
and largely biological.
Gender identities differ across time and societies. They are NOT
binary and polar opposites.
Gender Stereotypes oversimplified beliefs that men and women
possess different personality traits resulting in different behavior.
Structuralism View of the instrumental personality of men and the
expressive personality of women.
Siltanen and Doucet hegemonic masculinity and emphasized
femininity contribute to gender inequality.
Gender in Education
Majority of undergraduate and M.A. students in Canada are women,
and a slight majority of Ph.D. students are men.
Gender-based selection of elective subjects in high school enables
gender segregation of university programs.
More even gender structure of occupants in Denmark, where all