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Lecture 11

Sociology Lecture 11 notes

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Ivanka Knezevic

Lecture 11 :D 11/22/2012 4:15:00 PM Four Main Ideas on Gender  Gender is a vantage point of critique (feminism is activist, not just academic).  Gender is a social construction (not an essential, biologically based, unchangeable characteristics of humans).  Gender is realized in social roles and institutions (gender is both identity and structural constraint).  Gender is a relation of inequality.  Any gender ideology Is a self-fulfilling prophecy.  Knezevic  this reflects the development of North American feminist sociology and assumes high salience of gender/ impossibility of gender-neutral social arrangements. Gender is a Social Construction  Gender is a socially constructed identity that is thought to be appropriate to a biological sex.  Essentialism  view that male-female differences are universally and largely biological.  Gender identities differ across time and societies. They are NOT binary and polar opposites.  Gender Stereotypes  oversimplified beliefs that men and women possess different personality traits resulting in different behavior.  Structuralism View of the instrumental personality of men and the expressive personality of women.  Siltanen and Doucet  hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity contribute to gender inequality. Gender in Education  Majority of undergraduate and M.A. students in Canada are women, and a slight majority of Ph.D. students are men.  Gender-based selection of elective subjects in high school enables gender segregation of university programs.  More even gender structure of occupants in Denmark, where all high scho
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