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Lecture 2

SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Feral Child, Organized Crime, Ethnocentrism

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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What is it?
- social forces – internal/external
- all about perception, what we see is selective
Social order & predictability
- behaviour is not random in social groups
- it’s patterned, predictable – ppl tend to conform
- culture isn’t random
- culture is the most powerful widespread social force that governs
Values, beliefs & norms
Values – things everybody in cultures share
- most abstract, inclusive
-political equality – system treats you equally
-freedom of conscience – freedom to explore your own spirituality
Norms – even more specific to groups
- things that govern everyday conduct
- more concrete than values, beliefs
-what kind of behaviour isn’t allowedproscribed
-what kind of behaviour is allowed – prescribed
The two faces of culture
-allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it – paradox
Status & role
- allows us to live together peacefully
- can force you to do things you don’t want to
- all cultures have customs, beliefs, values, mores
-status – socially defined position in the social order
-common ones are kinships – define ppl to the relationships they have
-kinship network – structural positions are related to each other & they
define appropriate behaviour among & btwn those statuses
-most important status – occupation – tells your prestige, income & education
in society
- prestige = social class
-role – a set of behavioural expectations that are socially assigned to specific
-sanctions – forms of disapproval to bring ppl back in line
Status & role set
- we play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses
-role strain – when you have one status
-role conflict – when you hold multiple role statuses
- roles are clashed
- relatively permanent patterns of behaviour
- clusters of specialized roles
- groups, customs
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