SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Hard Power, Social Fact, Social Forces

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9 Mar 2013
School
Department
Course
Socialization
Socialization – is the learning of knowledge, skills, motivations & identities as our
genetic potential interacts w/ our social env’t
- how culture is transmitted & acquired
- social determinism – important social facts in making human beings
- social forces shape the way we act, feel
- social programming
- begins at birth and continues through life
- shaped by where you are
The Self & Socialization
-in the course of socialization, one develops a self awareness of ideas &
attitudes about one’s personal & social identity
- among the important early theorists who analyzed the development of the
self are Freud, Piaget, Cooley & Mead
Patterns of Socialization
-include language, values, responsibilities, social class
Socialization & biology
- cultures determines your diet
- aspect of socialization
- primary socialization begins with birth
- is critical for the production of a well balanced, emotionally stable individual in
adult life
- primary is more important than secondary
- secondary socialization is when there are diff influences in a child’s life
-children are exposed to kiddie culture
Agents of socialization
- significant others
- great influence on you
- family, school, peer groups & mass media
- peer groups – most important social influence in your life
-coca colonization – American popular culture spread across the globe
-soft power – influencing ppl
-hard power – military power
The Mass Media
- a passive, impersonal means of receiving & transmitting info
Discontinuity
-sometimes diff agents carry the same message - continuity
-discontinuity – creates role strain/conflict
Peer Groups
- similar age & status
- important b/c tradition & inner conviction are fading as significant guides to
action
- also important b/c parents aren’t able to supply info to become successful in
life
School
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Document Summary

Patterns of socialization include language, values, responsibilities, social class. The mass media a passive, impersonal means of receiving & transmitting info. Discontinuity sometimes diff agents carry the same message - continuity discontinuity creates role strain/conflict. Peer groups similar age & status important b/c tradition & inner conviction are fading as significant guides to action also important b/c parents aren"t able to supply info to become successful in life. Gender socialization females score higher on vocal abilities, male score higher on math sex refers to biological maleness/femaleness. Gender refers to cultural expectations of masculinity & femininity. Most differences btwn sexes are cultural not biological sexual identity is inborn. Women navigate on landmark cues (buildings, shops) Men navigate spatially more awareness of north, south, etc. Survey from parents before birth 54% want boy, 22% want girl, 24% don"t care after birth 93% pleased w/ boy, 7% disappointed. Compass 12 questions theory questions bolded words concepts names.

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