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SOCA01H3 (591)

week 7 - family.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Family - ppl from the lower class are less likely to be involved in the community - kiwinis – voluntary organizations - privatised – stay at home - working class are less likely to vote b/c of attitude - authoritarianism – set of attitudes that ppl hold when they’re related to class - developed by Adorno - closed mindedness – not being open to new ideas - more likely to think in simple straight-forward terms that don’t reflect the complexity of the world - more likely to be prejudiced - families are sets of relationships ppl create to share resources daily to ensure their own and their children’s welfare and to socially reproduce their society - families vary widely in the way they are organized across cultures and through history - nuclear family – mother, father & children - Recent calls for a return to “family values” evoke a problem-free past. Deviations from the traditional breadwinner/homemaker ideal are held to underlie many social problems - family-values advocates want to outlaw abortion, same-sex marriages and parenthood and cut funding for public day care - these arguments falsely assume that there is only one type of family that can adequately raise children and that choices can be made completely freely actually, choices are structured by gender, class and race Structural-Functionalism - structural functionalists say the nuclear family is universal b/c it supposedly performs certain essential functions: socialization, reproduction (regulation of sexual activity), emotional satisfaction, economic efficiency, etc - the family is the most important & influential point of socialization - the state opposed homosexuality, contraception & abortion - matrilineal – tracing decent through the mother - patrilineal – tracing decent through the father - bilateral – tracing decent through both mother & father - hybrid vigour – marrying beyond your gene pool and producing healthy offspring - inside the family: particularism + affect - particularism – family is devoted to you & treats you as an individual - affect – emotion - outside the family: universalism + impersonality (objectivity) - a family is a paradox b/c while it provides all the nice things it can also be a setting of violence & conflict - functional approach tends to minimize problems of family life - in 1970, 20% of Japanese women aren’t married - today, 40% of them aren’t married - family law is biased against men in terms of property, custody of children - functional theory says providing ppl w/ sense of social identity is good Conflict theory - family perpetuates inequality - says providing ppl w/ social identity is bad - family perpetuates race & ethnicity - family reinforces racial & ethnic hierarchies - endogamy – marriage w/I the group - exogamy – marriage outside your group - exogamy
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