SOCA01 Lec 3 (May 31)
- Culture tends to be arbitrary
- Ethnocentrism- arbitrary nature of culture can lead to those ethnocentrism
- In Sparta, they do infantism where they kill the baby if no reflexes seen since the he can’t go on
to become a militant.
- We are product of our culture
- Pple are socially constructed. Babies are known to be TABOLA RASA(empty slate) and culture is
put on that slate
- Branch of sociology –looks @ genetic inheritance
- We are made of little of nature and most part is nurture
- 65% female university students today due to change in culture
- Insects are driven by intrinsic (driven by biology to act in certain way)
- Big cats (as we go up hierarchy) ->There are more products of nurture.
- Humans are Bipedal nature +nurture. So when we find Feral children -> nobody taught them
how to walk hence they remain unresponsive to any stimulus
- Human lang is best ex of symbols
- All cultures have values, belief ,norms, some are old traditions other are more modern
- We have to develop values that we can generalize to all culture
- All cultures try to maintain morality to new arrivals
- Cultures can diff immensely but they all try to develop system
- In Canada, values are most inclusive (most Canadians share the same values)
- Most Canadians share: liberty, equality before the law & equity of opportunity.
- Freedom of speech is never absolute
- Before the law: ex Bill Clinton lied under oath that he didn’t committed prudery. So he was
- Freedom of religion practice and ideology
- There are values from French enlightenment & England common law tradition. Sometimes
values are captured by human right in Canadian constitution.
- Smoking and driving is not a right but privilege
- Belief are less widely shared, values are more likely shared.
- Freedom of conscience (political or religious)
Green - One’s vote is considered same as anyone’s else in the city
- Pluralistic-diff political parties, diff religions and so on
- Freedom of conscious also means we agree to disagree
- “Sun”, “Global Mail” are “Conservative newspapers”->were happy on Harper’s winning
- “Star” is liberal newspaper
- Norm governs mundane routine
- Norms and morns are concentric guide. Norms prescribe conduct. They also prohibit center type
of behavior. pple prescribe or proscribe.
- Norms can vary widely in plural