SOCA01 – Lec 10
Lectures on final
Functionalist tends to see the families too optimistically. They don’t see them paradoxically as it can be
nice and nasty. Japan has been pretty close to nuclear family. Most wealth goes to elder kin. But in west,
it is mostly split up. In 1917 20% Japanese women have not married by age of 30. Most married before
30. Today it’s around 40% of Japanese women have not married by age of 30. Too much patriotically in
Japanese society. University graduate women usually go through life solo; some men go for matriarchy
which usually leads to Marriage settlements.
Ex. Tiger wood’s marriage settlement -> Wife left him & demanded bigger price in return. These
settlements are often decided by men. Men could be looking for support payments after the division of
all property & asserts with his wife. In modern society, we become more self centered (more “me”) and
thus less inclined to looking at marriage.
Family not only reproduces human being but produces equality. Living alone is much more expensive
than living in family. The idea is “How do u cook for one person?” U buy from outside hence it is a costly
Higher divorce rate is because there is being a power relation between men and women. Women are
not stuck in marriage as they use to be. Women have far more equality in capitalist society than in
communism society. Hence the idea that “communism leads to equality” according to Engel’s claim
might not be true. You inherit your class from your parents. 70% uni students come from middle class.
In all societies you can find a division of labor among males and females. The division is reduced in
capitalistic society. According to professor, in WWI thousands of men went to Europe for fight which
produces labor shortage. So “Who is gonna fill those positions? “Women did. A famous quote is that
“how can they(women) go back to farm once they have seen the Paris (in our case full time
employment)”. Later came out a suffragette movement- women got the vote. Same thing happened in
WWII million of men goes over sees, women filled their position. Guys came back home and women lose
their jobs. Two world wars created condition of female equality. Greater advances in surgery happened
during world war. Easy accessibility to practice surgical procedure.
Marriage control goes in both directions. Most men have sexual relationship with women. Women have
major responsibility of house hold. In Canada, married couple would have at least one child.
Family perpetuates racial ethnicity. Pple want to marry other that look like them. Not just family
produces class, it produces race and ethnicity. As far as family go, people are endogamous. Exogamy – people tend to marry like themselves. In modern day, there is intermarriage. E.g Japanese Canadian 65%
do intermarriage. Caucasian tends to intermarry as well.
What can replace the family? In Russia, after the victory of communism, savory union has abolished the
family. If family is not gonna raise children, can government do it on a complete scale? Not really
possible. Human needs long physical contact (earlier study). Although they savage the traditional family,
savory union has changed its mind after 5 years.
Conflict and feminist type like multiculturalism. U cant love multiculturalism when done politically, but
hate it when it’s family. There is a contradiction. Marriage is a place where family imposes greater
strings on women for house work. What conflict types don’t mention is that domestic division of labor is
arrived by both husband and wife decision
People have deep seated want to know. Who am I? what are my roots and where I came from? All
wanna know who is their biological parents. Many adopted kids spend their entire life thinking who is
their biological parents. Many of these adopted kids form a “lobby group”, the intention is to force the
sperm banks to reveal the identity of person who donated the sperm. These days the guy who donate
sperm is under strict anonymity. Government has told these groups that if we reveal the identity of
men, they will not donate their sperm in future. This shows that we have deep emotional connection
with biological parents. “Blood is thicker than water”. See movie Blade runners.
Stages of Family life:
Two types of marriages: Each fits in particular form of society or culture.
Pre industrial world- arranged marriage: is alliance in classical sense. These families have similar social
standing e.g. prestige, ethnicity, power, wealth. Arrangements are made on behalf of children. In 19 th
century, where society was mostly agriculture, marriages were typically arranged. Two parties come
together or third party comes along e.g marriage manager who arranges the meeting.
Modern world- Love marriage – began with industrialization. Extended family is replaced by nuclear
family. Nuclear family – made up of husband wife & children; extended family lives somewhere else.
Nuclear replaces the extended. As nuclear families form, love marriage began to appear. Some say that
love marriage is consistent with democracy. Nevertheless, the emergences of labor markets also lead to
love marriage. Afte