Lecture 2 notes - Culture These notes are lecture 2 notes. The topic is culture.

14 views2 pages
Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Culture
What is it?
- social forces – internal/external
- all about perception, what we see is selective
Social order & predictability
- behaviour is not random in social groups
- it’s patterned, predictable – ppl tend to conform
- culture isn’t random
- culture is the most powerful widespread social force that governs
Values, beliefs & norms
Values – things everybody in cultures share
- most abstract, inclusive
-political equality – system treats you equally
-freedom of conscience – freedom to explore your own spirituality
Norms – even more specific to groups
- things that govern everyday conduct
- more concrete than values, beliefs
-what kind of behaviour isn’t allowedproscribed
-what kind of behaviour is allowed – prescribed
The two faces of culture
-allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it – paradox
Status & role
- allows us to live together peacefully
- can force you to do things you don’t want to
- all cultures have customs, beliefs, values, mores
-status – socially defined position in the social order
-common ones are kinships – define ppl to the relationships they have
-kinship network – structural positions are related to each other & they
define appropriate behaviour among & btwn those statuses
-most important status – occupation – tells your prestige, income & education
in society
- prestige = social class
-role – a set of behavioural expectations that are socially assigned to specific
statuses
-sanctions – forms of disapproval to bring ppl back in line
Status & role set
- we play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses
Roles
-role strain – when you have one status
-role conflict – when you hold multiple role statuses
- roles are clashed
Institutions
- relatively permanent patterns of behaviour
- clusters of specialized roles
- groups, customs
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

What is it? social forces internal/external all about perception, what we see is selective. Political equality system treats you equally. What kind of behaviour isn"t allowed proscribed. What kind of behaviour is allowed prescribed things that govern everyday conduct. The two faces of culture allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it paradox. We play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses. Roles role strain when you have one status role conflict when you hold multiple role statuses roles are clashed. Institutions relatively permanent patterns of behaviour clusters of specialized roles groups, customs economy, education, politics, family, religion & mass media. Culture is the sum of ideas, practices and material objects that ppl create to deal w/ real-life probs. We"re surrounded by advertisement lifestyle that you show by the things you purchase. There are 2 ways in which our observations of another culture may be distorted: We may become too deeply involved in the other culture.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.