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SOCA01H3 (591)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

Lecture 8- October 31, 2013 • 1950s mass media o mass society hypothesis  media homogenizes everyone  Hollywood films, TV First Media Breakthrough • Key Elements o remote control o VCR  initially driven by porn industry • effects o increase choice and control (lots of channels, can control what you see, wwatch 2 programs at once etc) o end "real time" (didn't have to watch a show at the exact time, can videotape it for later)) Second Media Breakthrough • Key elements o micro chip • effects o vastly increase choice and control  overabundance of media  500 channells, Netflix, AnywhereTV  social media Media and Protest • has the new media revolutionized revolts? • To answer we need o historical knowledge o broad and systematicd comparisons Vietnam War vs. Iraq War • Vietnam war o split American society (got massice protests) o massive protests  Chicago 7 o first TV war (people watched the updates of war on TV o napomm was used on the Vietnamese by the US  the girl in the picture: the story of Kim Phuc o media showed distressing images of Vietnames • Iraq o not much protests (very small) o TV and Iraq?  americans have closed down any picture taking  Journalists "embedded" units-you are with the soldiers, so cannot post embarassing pics or things that will anger the soldiers  images and fillm vetted (no images of dead americans, only caskets) o is tv enough? • draft army vs. volunteer army o USA University students protested being drafted in o today, the US has a volunteer army, but it is made of the underclass (low class), so people don't protest much • boots on the ground Dallas and the end of Communism • communism: heavily controlled media o big lie: told that there was poveerty in the US and that they were bettter off • claim is that Dallas helpled bring down communism o communists citizens saw that Americans lived lavish lives • Soviet Union o censorship vs. VCR  smizdat  black market for Dallas (passed around movies)  when the VCR came out, govnerment wasn't able to keep censorship the same way TV and Revolution, 1989 • Tiananmen Square o protests for democracy in China o Chinese miltary slaughtered a lot of people (was on tv and film) o Soviet Union fell apartt right after • Berlin War o after the war, USSR was given control over much of Western Europe, but Westt Berlin was part of the Western part (US, England controlled it) o after the war, west germany was starting to get richer and east germany was extremely poor o this made East Germans escape to West Germany ((because they were losing young people), they built a wall that split the east and west, were shot if they tried to cross it o 1990-when USSR fell, wall was torn down Beyond Tv-New Connectivity • cell phones, twitter and revolt? (is it contributing to revolt?) • Paris Riots, 2007 o cell phones were so important because people couldd make plans to meet up • German riots, 1918 o in 5 days, the revolution spread throught Germany o people didn't have cell phones or radio (radio didn't come until 1923/1924) o had: newspapers o shows that mediia may not matter how much as we think, even without cell phones and twitter, can have a riot spread quickly in 4 days • Myanmar (Burma) uprising, 2007 o disappear
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