Class Notes (1,049,934)
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UTSC (35,367)
Sociology (2,487)
SOCA01H3 (601)
Lecture

Socialization

6 pages79 viewsFall 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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L3
Socialization:
An essential area in sociology ± its all about how culture is transmistted and aquired ± its
all about social determinince ± social forces shape the way you think, act, feel far more
powerfully then any other factor in life ± its about how culture is passed on from
generation to the next ± this is a classical example of social determinance, the importance
of social facts and forces in making human beings
Its about social programming ± its programming ppl ± WKDW¶VZKDWLWVDOODERXW
Put software into computer you give it instruction on how to operate, behave ±
socialization is the software in a the human computer --- thankfully its easier to
programme computer then humans ± in our world its difficult ± longest trip ppl made in
their lives was 5 miles
Socialization allows our genetic potential to be met
Socialization interacts with our genetic potential and social envrioment
Socialization is all about how the cultural pouring into the tabla rasa takes place
Poring never stops ± but it is most intense within the first few years of life
Some say that socialization can begin within the womb ± produces a more tranquil child
Elderly ppl are socialized into their life cycle
How we are socialized depnds on: gender, status, where you are in the life cycle
Labels to id the life cycle, infant, child, adolsences
Socialization comes from the outside ± assimilated on the inside
Culture becomes internailized through the process of socialization
Socialization is the learning of knowledge, skills, motivations, and identities
as our genetic potential interacts with our social environment.
In the course of socialization, one develops a self or awareness of ideas and
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Among the important early theorists who analyzed the development of the
self are Freud, Piaget, Cooley, and Mead.
Cooley and mead ± are big on aquiring a sense of self ± becoming aware that your
disticint and separate from the world ± as we develop empathy we develop an idea of
others and ourselves
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We take certain knowedlge for granted ± we take for granted part of ourself ± culture
becomes so ingrained so much a aprt of you ± so indisutiguisable from you ± we are no
longer aware of it
University students ± come from middle and upper middle class backgrounds ± why?
Socilizatioon Æ poor kids are given less opportunity to be creative
Raised through networks ± granparents and that sort of stuff ± more socialized
The nuclear family ± have less ppl watching the kids so you get away with more ± you
less tightly regulated and socialized ± more room given to running the rong direction
Extended families and nuclear families have their own patterns of socialization
Birth order has a pattern ± first born mother had 6 kids right after ± sibling grow up
quickly when they are packed together ± places burden on older children to grow up
quickly
Boys who have just brothers ± tend to be more macho ± the guys are more patriarchal
Boys with sisters ± have difrn reltaionshop with women more sympathetic to female
causes ± this illustrates a clear influence on socialization by nature
3. SOCIALIZATION AND BIOLOGY
(a) PHYSICAL PROCESSES SHAPED BY SOCIALIZATION
Does socialization shape biolpgical process ± which are universal ± yes it does
We all much eat that is nature ± socialization determines how we eat, when
you eat ±
Sleeping alone ± independence ± our cultre
o Collectiviestc societies ± children sleep with parents for a longer
period of time
4. ASPECTS OF SOCIALIZATION
(a) PRIMARY SOCIALIZATION
Begins at birth
Caregiver socilies the ifnatns
Pass on a general stock of cultural knowledge
Sibling play a big part here also
Absolutely critical for the production of well balance
emotionally stable invdiual in adult life
If a child is in adequelty socialized ± problems can develop
in adulthood ± for instances if children are socilixed in a
violent family setting
Then what children learn ± you are more likely to use
violence ± more likely not always
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