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Lecture

Sexuality and Gender


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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L4 Sexuality:
Sociology and Sexuality:
Sexual identity is a key component of what we call idenity ± identity are answers to the
question ± who am I ?
What is more sifnificatn sexuality or occupation
20th centuary is refresed to as the sexual century
Sex came out of the closet ± it was no longer considered to be a taboo topic
Ppl use to use code words when discussion sex and sexuality ± fireplace anaology
± when there is a fire in the fire place ± poker
Christiainity over the years has been erotophobic ± pagans where not ± referring
to non christain ± in the greek world ± greeks where comfortable and open about
sexuality
Greeks use to have a ceremony once a year ± fertility rite ± this was intended to
improve the harvest ± members of the greek police would bring wine and go out
into the farm field and spill their seed ± group orgy ± the idea was that the group
orgy would improve the crop
Freud ± brought sex out of the closet
o The sex drive represented the foundation of other forms of behavior
o Libidio ± located in the id
o Psychoanalysis ± today is performed by some psychiatrist is very fruedian
in its outlook ± this is a type of phycotherapy
Towards the middle of the centurayr ± survey researchers began looking at sex
1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE BIOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY OF SEX
± (a) CHROMOSOMES
male determines the sex of a child via chromsoems
± (b) THE BODY AS SEX
the body is what sets the sexes apart
primary sexual charactheristics ± the genitals
secondary sexual charticits ± body differences aprt from genitals ±
female body shape ± helpful for preganency and child
bearing
body hair deeper voice
± (c) HERMAPHRODITES
someone that typically has male gentialy, female hips and breasts
culture side ± sexual ambiguidy
Thailand ± intersex has always been accespted
Intersex
Universal phenomen found globally
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± (d) TRANSSEXUALS
some who is prepared to undergone surgery and hormones to
change sex
transgedered difffrn then transsexual ± defy male female gender
roles ± sometimes this is called ± TV ± transvestite ± they are not
homosexual ±
honored and accepted in native communites
sexual identity does not match the body
± (e) HOMOSEXUALS
perhaps one of the most interesting
there is a big debate about weather or not it is nature or nurture
found in our closest eveloutoionar relatives ± gorillas chipms
homosexuality is found in all cultures ± in all times in history
Greeks
Spartans encouraged homosexuality in the military
Athens ± homosexual relatiosn btw older men and boys
was encouraged ± no peneratration allowed ± oral or anal ±
young boy and older men thrusting against eachother and
coming to a climax ± dry humping
Nature and nurture may combine here
Humans are biologically open ended
Heterosexual men in prison
Eclectic can be expressed in many diffrn ways ± sexual responses
Horses, cattles, dogs, cats
Compulsory heterosexuality was forced ± only way to express
sexual response
This attidude is chaing ± change in sexual scripts
3. THE CULTURE OF SEX
± (a) CULTURAL VARIATIONS
sexual position ± varies from culture
sex researcher Kinsey ± 1940 most American ± sex face to
face ± european missionaries when to sumatra sumala and
that sort of stuff ± ppl their did not have sex that way ±
kissing varies ± where you kiss how you kiss undergoes a lot of
cultural variation
modest and standards of it vary as well ± in the vicotrian era in
canda ± ¶VWR¶V± peurotanical period ± during that period
a women ankle where seen to be erotic ± so ankles where kept
covered
welsh university chick ± show your chest ± legal ± court ± allowed
when you can have it and when you cannot
sout seas and
4. SEXUAL CONTROVERSIES
± (a) SEXUAL VIOLENCE
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