Class Notes (1,034,998)
CA (593,247)
UTSC (34,969)
Sociology (2,470)
SOCA01H3 (601)
Lecture

Family

10 pages78 viewsFall 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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L2: Family:
Extended family ± more ppl involved in socilizaiton
± Best suited for an agricultural society
± As agriculture declines in importance ± the nuclear family becomes better
suited ± modern contemporary
± Better suited for the conditions of the industrial reveloution
± The external family is sedentary ± it is not made to move
± Nuclear family has more geographic mobility
Joe Louis versus Max Schmeling
Nazi ± racial and ethnic superiority
Academics ± did not pave the way for racial equality ± infact it was the opposite
eugenics ± we have to try to stop genticlly inferior from reproducing
1. INTRODUCTION
± (a) THE CHANGING FAMILY
moral entrepreneurs ± they see the decline of the nuclear family ± are alarmed by the
decline by the decline of the nuclear family ± what they do is acquire udiences and say
that collapse of the nuclar family will collapse society
today the marriage rate is decreasing and more ppl are choosing to live the single life
divorce rates are rising
50% of candiand children ± will spend sometime before the age of 18 in a single family
situation
2. THEORETICAL OUTLOOKS ON THE FAMILY
± (a) FUNCTIONALISM
(i) SOCIALIZATION
most important part of socialization
sibiling and parents
(ii) REGULATION OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY
reproduction
depdenable and regular gratification
sexual relations are intense
often socites disfavour certain forms of sexuality ± this urge
gets repressed and the family provides an outlet for it ± freud
the state usally favors marriage ± in the past ± the state opposed
homosexuality, contraception,
pushed b/c of females ± ZKRZDQWFRQWUDFHSWLRQµ
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soliders ± given condoms ± catch an std while in action ± it was
called a self inflicted wound - the war helped with the
legalization of condoms
sexual regulation ± to maintain kinship organization
set of relations based on blood and property right
one universal regulation is the incest taboo ± this is a
moray ± forbidding sexual relations
matrialinail Navajo ± enforce incest taboo ± pervade
marriage to any relative of the mother ± thus
(iii) SOCIAL PLACEMENT
families are not biologically necessary to reproduce
still having said that
we can observe the pair bond ± in many species
family is their for social reproduction
the family it provides children with social identity
this identity is based on your roots and ancestory
healthy males can donate to a sperm bank ± that sperm can be
used
social prestituge and status from parents to child
(iv) MATERIAL AND EMOTIONAL SECURITY
do your rembmer Harlow and monkey
constant physical contact
during early childhood socialization
without that contact ± a lot of problems could develop -
neurocis
what the family does is provide that social intimacy
close physical relations are needed for emotional security
husband and wife ± get some emotional security from the
family from the marriage
some ppl say that a family is a haven in a heartless world
fam is very important for academic success
the family treats you subjectivivly ± particularism and
affect ± outside the faPLO\\RXGRQ¶WJHWWKDW
the family is a paradox
marriend men live much longer the non married men ± the
difference in women is not as great
CRITICAL EVALUATION
for functulism of marriage
overlooks the diversity of marriage
functuinlism assumt that the nuclear family is the norm overlooking the cultural,
strucuturl differences in families
functial ppl ± GRQ¶WWDNHLQWRFRVQGLHUDWLRQWKDWRWKHUVRFLDOIRUPVFDQGRWKHVDPH
thing as families
the funtinal approach also tends to minimize the problems of family life
funtunalsitis tend not report that in 1970 ± in japan ± 20% of women where not
married by the age of 30
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the japs have a hard time keeping their population where it is
PDQ\MDSVGRQ¶WJHWPDUULHGDQGZKHQWKH\GRWKH\KDYHYHU\VPDOOIDPLOLHV
very little immigration into japan
japs have a very powerfull sense of national identity ± DQGVRWKH\GRQ¶W
encourage immigration
today 40% of women by the age of 30 arent married
most of this is voluntary
japan is patriarachal ± particular in the Japanese family ± although women run the
household ± WKH\GRQ¶WZRUNDQGWKH\DUHGHRGHQWRQWKHPDOHDVWKHSURYLGHG± it
is very patriarchal
funtinalsits tend to over look all these problem that the family is facing
in the west we are facing a smilar problem but not as large as the one In japan
in the west more women are deciding to stay single ± sperm banks
many career women see marriage as a handicap to a successful career
many men are thinking twice aobut marriage ± see family law as bias against men
in connection with divorce settlkemtn and custody
funtualist do not dwell on the violence within families ± you are more likely to be
physically assaulted by family then by a stranger
± (b) CONFLICT
The family perpetuates ± LQHTXDOLW\WKDW¶VWKHPDMRUtheme of
conflict theoriest
Provides ppl with a sense of idenityt which is bad for society
(i) PROPERTY AND INHERITANCE
family sets the stage for the inhertince
(ii) PATRIARCHY
began with the industrial rev
men moved into the labor markt ± and so the household
economy was replaced by working outside the home ± wo
when then economy was based on household ± they had
more pwer and pretigue ± but when it moved out ± women
had less power and pretigue ± they were no longer
supporting the conomic
enormous leap in patriarchy
women spend on average 2 more hours a day them men
doing domestic work
(iii) RACE AND ETHNICITY
the family perpetuates race and ethnicity
so that racial and ethnic categories will persit over time
ppl do tend to marry ppl from the same ethnicity
the family reinforces ± racial and ethnic hierarchy b/c ppl
tend to marry within the group
we call that endogamy
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