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Lecture 10

Lecture 10

by OneClass165 , Fall 2009
3 Pages
101 Views
Fall 2009

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Lecture
10

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Thursday November 19, 2009 ± Lecture 10 Stratification
Today READ: Brym Chapter 17
The Functional Theory of Stratification
-Argues that inequality is useful and inevitable.
Inequality Does Seem Inevitable (Impossible to avoid or prevent from happening)
-Kibbutz in Israel.
-Get rid of inequality by separating parents and children.
-Rotate authority so it is continually changing.
-However, family thing did not last long, ended up returning kids to family.
-Rotation position did not work, as some people may be more effective than others.
People who performed best got kept as leaders.
-Pass on advantages to next generation.
-Soviet Union and Communism
-Tried initiating equality of wages.
-Specifically tried to equalize equality for women.
-However, equal wages did not work at all.
-Women got better jobs, but did not change their status. (Ended up getting two jobs.)
-Communist party had power, therefore, gave themselves great wealth.
-Lifestyles for people at top were so wealthy.
-Kids of heads of party went to high institutions.
-When Soviet Union fell apart, members ended up buying out their wealth.
-In large numbers came to Canada. (Moved into Bridle Path)
-Basically, inequality of power (from large-scale organizations) is translated into status and
economic outcomes. They tend to pass on power to generations.
-Therefore, inequality is inevitable.
The Functional Argument
-Some jobs (ex. physicians) are more important than others (ex. janitors)
-Functionally important jobs require more training.
-To motivate people to make the sacrifices necessary to train for important jobs, they must
receive large rewards for their work.
Functionalism Affirmative Action
-Position open to best person -Position open to talented and qualified persons of
any group.
-%XWKRZGRZHDVVHVVWKH³EHVW´
-Just grades?
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Description
Thursday November 19, 2009 ± Lecture 10 Stratification Today READ: Brym Chapter 17 The Functional Theory of Stratification -Argues that inequality is useful and inevitable. Inequality Does Seem Inevitable (Impossible to avoid or prevent from happening) -Kibbutz in Israel. -Get rid of inequality by separating parents and children. -Rotate authority so it is continually changing. -However, family thing did not last long, ended up returning kids to family. -Rotation position did not work, as some people may be more effective than others. People who performed best got kept as leaders. -Pass on advantages to next generation. -Soviet Union and Communism -Tried initiating equality of wages. -Specifically tried to equalize equality for women. -However, equal wages did not work at all. -Women got better jobs, but did not change their status. (Ended up getting two jobs.) -Communist party had power, therefore, gave themselves great wealth. -Lifestyles for people at top were so wealthy. -Kids of heads of party went to high institutions. -When Soviet Union fell apart, members ended up buying out their wealth. -In large numbers came to Canada. (Moved into Bridle Path) -Basically, inequality of power (from large-scale organizations) is translated into status and economic outcomes. They tend to pass on power to generations. -Therefore, inequality is inevitable. The Functional Argument -Some jobs (ex. physicians) are more important than others (ex. janitors) -Functionally important jobs require more training. -To motivate people to make the sacrifices necessary to train for important jobs, they must receive large rewards for their work. Functionalism Affirmative Action -Position open to best person -Position open to talented and qualified persons of any group. -%XWKRZGRZHDVVHVVWKH³EHVW´ -Just grades? www.notesolution.com Critique of Functionalism 1 -How to determine which jobs are most functionally important? -I.e. contribute more -Imagine a strike: Time to impact. (How long does it take for people to impact?) Criticality Replaceability (Difficult or easy to replace?) -For example, doctors. Time to impact depends on time and what kind of sickness. Not quick to replace doctors. -For example, police. Time to impact will be minutes. It is critical. More replaceable than doctors. -For example, driving instructors. Time to impact may be months. Criticality, not that critical. Replaceability can be quite easy. -For example, truck drivers. Time to impact: couple of days. Criticality: May become quite critical quickly. Replaceability: Pretty replaceable. -For example, hockey player: Time to impact: Quite long, during the season. Criticality: Not that critical. Replaceability: Depends how good you want them to be. Critique of Functionalism II -Much wealth is inherited -Also legacy positions (Harvard). -Inherit the position (AA for the elite). -Occupations preserve scarcity. -Use power to limit access, credentials.]D- -Disproportionate rewards (for example, hockey players.) What is fair? -How much more rewards do you need to motivate the best people to fill the most important positions. -10 times? -100 times? -1000 times? The film. Marx on Stratification -Get exploitation of wage labor by capitalists. -Capitalist own means of production. -Working class would become relatively poorer. -Class conscious and organize. -A crisis of overproduction will eventually result in revolution. Criticisms of Marx -Number of blue-collar workers decreasing. White collar increasing over blue collar -Brain work instead. -Splits among workers -Labour aristocracy. -Trade union consciousness. (More wages, better working conditions, they are critical.) www.notesolution.com -Failure of communist regimes. -Class as international stratification -Revival of ethnic conflicts. -Marx did not understand status made by force, not social class. -Soviet Union did anything they could to ethnic beliefs. Class Relations 1 Class, status & power differences Interpersonal threat Negative sentiments -Class differences often create negative relations among people. -Basic argument is that basic threat is critical in the workplace. -Uppers -Position can be challenged. (Need to be legitimate) -Justify the outcome. -Lowers -Seek conformity. Class Relations 2 -Avoidance and exclusion -Membranes of civility. -Separate classes or status groups. Membranes only crossed when necessary. -Ex. fences, tourists (resorts), shopping segregations, segregated living, -Ritualized interaction. -Higher status people exert greater influence and control. -Ex. element of hostility. Some Stereotypes of Class Hostility (not necessarily politically kosher) -TV shows: white trash reality. -Working class shows: female characters are stronger than male. -([³6WUDQJHVDJDRI5LFKDUG-HZHOO´ www.notesolution.comThursday November 19, 2009 Lecture 10 Stratification Today READ: Brym Chapter 17 The Functional Theory of Stratification -Argues that inequality is useful and inevitable. Inequality Does Seem Inevitable (Impossible to avoid or prevent from happening) -Kibbutz in Israel. -Get rid of inequality by separating parents and children. -Rotate authority so it is continually changing. -However, family thing did not last long, ended up returning kids to family. -Rotation position did not work, as some people may be more effective than others. People who performed best got kept as leaders. -Pass on advantages to next generation. -Soviet Union and Communism -Tried initiating equality of wages. -Specifically tried to equalize equality for women. -However, equal wages did not work at all. -Women got better jobs, but did not change their status. (Ended up getting two jobs.) -Communist party had power, therefore, gave themselves great wealth. -Lifestyles for people at top were so wealthy. -Ki
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