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Detailed notes on chapter 15(Families)

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Mc Kinon

TextbookLecture Notes Chapter 15: Families 1 Introduction People speak about the decline of the family. But they refer to Nuclear Family (consists of a cohabiting man and woman who maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and have at least one child), or Traditional Nuclear Family (is a nuclear family in which the husband works outside the home for money and the wife works without pay in the home also known as the Cleaver Family Model). Functionalism and the Nuclear Ideal Functional Theory of Nuclear Families Functionalists believe that for any society to survive, its members must cooperate economically. (Meaning women perform domestic work while men perform labor works (superior strength). They must invest their time and effort to have a baby in which they can nurture and pass on the way of the group, so the baby will grow up to be a productive individual). Functionalists argued that the nuclear family is ideally suited for regulated sexual activity, economic cooperation, reproduction, socialization, and emotional support. George Murdock states that the nuclear family is based on marriage. (a socially approved, presumably long-term, sexual and economic union between a man and a woman). Other Family Forms Monogamy: a form of marriage in which an individual has only one spouse at any time. Serial Monogamy: multiple marriages one after another. Polygamy: expands the nuclear family horizontally by adding one or more spouses (usually women) to the household. Extended family: expands the nuclear family vertically by adding another generation one or more of the spouses parents to the household. Foraging Societies In foraging societies, people subsist by hunting animals and gathering wild edible plants. They are a nomadic groups of 100 or few people. Men hunt and women gather, and also do most of the child care. However, some forager men often tend babies and children, and gather when the hunt is unsuccessful, and some forager women hunt. In foraging societies, children are considered an investment in the future. Life is highly cooperative, and relations between the sexes are quiet egalitarian (equal). The Canadian Middle Class in the 1950s Socialization and emotional functions of the family are now most important. In urbanized homes, women still mostly worked at home, and the husband was the money maker. Children enjoyed leisure time to engage in fun activities. Society norms pressured woman to work at home (terms like quasi-perversion, menace and disease were used to describe a womans failure to obey the strict gender division of labor). Before world war 2 and during great depression, Canadians postponed marriage because of poverty. After world war 2, Canadians settled down, most of them owned homes, baby boom happened, and 90% married men but only 11.2% married women were in paid labor force. The work created for women DURING WW2 were CANCELED, and returned to NORMAL.
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