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Detailed notes on stratficiation

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Mc Kinon

TextbookLecture Notes Chapter 8: Social Stratification 1 Patterns of Social Inequality Shipwrecks and Inequality Writers filmmakers often use shipwrecks to describe inequality, because after the shipwreck, people are stripped of their wealthiness and have only the basic essentials left, and all social classes become equal. Movies like Swept Away, Titanic explain this theme. Economic Inequality in Canada the poors are more likely to sell organs and the riches are more likely to buy organs. The poors are less likely to be offered transplant opportunities due to not having adequate private health insurance, or the fact that theyre more likely to donate instead of receiving. The typical donors in Canada are usually youngens and are victims of accidental or deliberate violence. Materialism (the attempt to satisfy needs by buying products or experiences) is a defining characteristic of modern society. Economic Prosperity (success) makes Canada one of the best countries to live in (average earning = $74,800). Calcuating income inequality => 100 ppl earnd 300,000. divide them into 5 groups, compare the % of earning distribution between the top group and bottom group. Top group earned 120,000 (40%) and bottom group earned 12,000 (4%), thus we can tell that there is a huge gap between the 2 groups. Thus there is social inequality. The MOST UNEQUALed distribution would be 100% vs 0%, and the MOST EQUALed distribution would be 20% per group. By using the method above, if we re-look at the economic prosperity of Canada, the top group has increased while the bottom group has decreased, thus income inequality has increased. Also, Income inequality has widened in most rich countries. Explanations of Income Inequality The job a person holds play a huge rolein income distribution (To get those jobs, education is needed more nowadays comparing to before). Most people begin the journey toward adult employment within a family circle and are certain to be exposed to whatever is prevalent there (family influence often determines your educational level future career) Thus, Individuals must supply talent and effort to accumulate human capital (sum of useful skills and knowledge that an individual posesses) but RATES of success also depend on the human captial their FAMILIES accumulated in previous generations. Human Captial Theory the investment in education and training which will get people better jobs. Higher educationtraining = higher paying jobs. However, sometimes people with the same education level can get different level jobs. This involves Social capital in which if a person has good networks and connections, the person can get better jobs. Cultural capital emphasizes a set of social skills people have, thei ability to impress others, use language and images effectively, and to influence and persuade people. The idea of cultural capital emphasizes your impression-management skills, your ability to influence others. Both Social and Cultural capitals emphasize being part of the right social club. Income verus Wealth
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