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Race and Ethnicity (cont.)
Ethnic and Racial Stratification in Canada
Institutional completeness – all about ethnic segregation or ethnic residential includes Toronto
Sociologists ask are the societies self-sufficient
Restaurants, theaters, schools, clothing and grocery stores, lawyers, doctors
Ethnically homogenous – largely the same
Segregation can be voluntary or involuntary
Involuntary – the state (South America) will have housing segregation
Informal – if an ethnic minority moves into a neighborhood, and the people that live there already
start putting unwelcoming signs (Persians)
Involuntary
oLaw (institutional)
oEthnic – neighborhood and a community can have this character and so can a nation
Europeans have started to allow immigration to the societies that are single-ethnic
nations
Uk is also multiethnic – by history and invasion
How do Canadians feel about race and ethnicity?
oUncomfortable with the terms because they think it carries achievement
In 1970s - Ethnicity was based on hierarchy in Canada because prestige and
power was distributed on the basis of race
Canada as it exists today (multicultural) is different from how it was before
(based on race)
oEastern Europeans
Americans started to settle in Alberta, Alberta has this kind of American flavor to it
Mosaic – porter founds of modern sociology
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Porter called charters the β€œfounding groups”
He said immigrants came with entrance group status, means they got slated out of the high
hierarchy
Canadian American Differences
US is a melting pot and simulation is seen as a goal while pluralism is seen as a goal in Canada
Majority Groups
WASP – refers to majority groups
oThere are problems in these
oIn Canada northern Europeans are considered wasp
oJohn was the founder of wasp
oInterlocking directorship – BOD are dominated by white anglow protestants
o Elites –
oCanada is now the home of businesses in other countries
oGlobal capitalism has reduced
oHomogeneity –
oWasp refers to Caucasians usually
oCeltic – is a propounding music? Google up
oCaucasians has been over generalized
oFrench Canadians don’t consider themselves as a majority group; they think they are a
minority
ξ€β€œgroup” is misleading
When you say group, you are talking about approx 10 people accomplishing a
task
Majority and minority groups suggest
The majority group in South Africa
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Document Summary

Institutional completeness all about ethnic segregation or ethnic residential includes toronto. restaurants, theaters, schools, clothing and grocery stores, lawyers, doctors. Involuntary the state (south america) will have housing segregation. Informal if an ethnic minority moves into a neighborhood, and the people that live there already start putting unwelcoming signs (persians) Involuntary: law (institutional, ethnic neighborhood and a community can have this character and so can a nation. europeans have started to allow immigration to the societies that are single-ethnic nations. uk is also multiethnic by history and invasion. how do canadians feel about race and ethnicity: uncomfortable with the terms because they think it carries achievement. In 1970s - ethnicity was based on hierarchy in canada because prestige and power was distributed on the basis of race. canada as it exists today (multicultural) is different from how it was before (based on race: eastern europeans.

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