SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Heterosis, Authoritarianism

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22 Dec 2010
Sociology Lecture Oct.29
Average is 66, the bell is +4. The mark you receive has not been added to the grade on the
matching sheet; you do this.
Class has a profound impact on our lives
Massive evidence for class impact
Life chances increases as you go up the class hierarchy
Quality of life is affected by class
Even when we have universal health coverage- members of lower classes have high
infant mortality rates
Much of this has to do with pre and post natal care
Can use this globally
Afghanistan- has one of the highest rate of mortality
Most lower class members suffer from physical ailments, get sick, and more likely to
suffer from mental disorders
Generally speaking there is less knowledge of health issues in lower classes
They have a fatalistic attitude towards life- Que sera, sera
Fatalism is produced by those who have relatively low control over their own lives
Powerlessness is associated with poorer health
The middle and upper classes have more knowledge about a healthy lifestyle
^ are more wealthy
They have more knowledge of healthy foods and medical facilities
Poorer people have a poor knowledge about what health services are available to
them and they are more likely to smoke
Greater chance that poorer people are users of hard drugs (tobacco, alcohol, cocaine,
heroine, meth, ecstasy etc.)
Ecstasy affects memory after a few uses
White collar workers usually endure carpal tunnel syndrome at worst
Whereas labourers have to endure physical injuries or even death at the workplace
Construction is dangerous activity, logging is dangerous, ocean fishing
Lifestyle also differs
Consumption Patterns
oImportant for marketing, a degree in sociology
oRye is for lower class whereas scotch is for upper classes
oLower classes dont make as much money, cannot purchase much luxury
Leisure time
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oThe lower the class the less time they have to relax
oThe higher the class the more able they are to take a vacation abroad
Political Involvement
oThe lower classes tend not to join in these activities
Voluntary Organizations
There are social organizations (fraternal)
Religious, Ethnic organizations
oA privatized existence for the lower class, they tend not to get involved in any
of these organizations
o^ They lack participation resources- they feel fear because they lack
education or language skills
oThey remain socially isolated
oThey are less likely to vote and to be involved
oPeople in the lower end dismiss politics, claiming it is crooked
Attitude Formation
oAuthoritarianism- is higher as you go down the social classes, represents the
absence of cognitive complexity
oThey tend to be more strict with childrearing
oAuthoritarians tend to me more prejudiced
oXenophobic- fear of the outsider
oMore discrimination against ethnicity and religion
oEducational attainment is lower as you go lower in the class hierarchy, which
explains their attitude
oAdorno and Fromm called authoritarianism escape from freedom
oFascism--> Fascism reason for WWII
oA political hot potato
oIntense debate over whether the definition be absolute or relative
oBroader approaches look at people compared to other people
o^ They determine how well they are living
oWhereas more specific ones look at people based on their income figures
oPolitics is able to reshape distribution of income and system of equality in
following four ways
By changing laws governing peoples right to own property
By entitling people to various welfare benefits
By redistributing income through tax policies (Graduated income tax
By failing to either maintain or expand welfare benefits
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