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sociology Lec 3

6 Pages

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Chapter 4Socialization SocializationProcess by which people learn their cultureincluding norms values and rolesand become aware of themselves as they interact with others Rolethe behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular position in society Rene Spitz compared children who were being raised in an orphanage with children who were being raised in a prison nursing home more in lecture slides Without childhood socialization most of our human potential remains undeveloped Agents of socializationfamilies schools peer groups the mass mediaTheories of Childhood Socialization Self or self image consists of your ideas and attitudes about who you are as independent beings Sigmund FreudAustrian founder of psychoanalysis Referred to the part of the self that deands immediate gratification as the idwe cannot live in an orderly society unless we deny the id IDaccording to Freud is the part of the self that demands immediate gratification Superego personal conscienceaccording to Freud is a part of the self that acts as a repository of cultural standards Egoaccording to Freud is a psyschological mechanism that balances the conflicting needs of the pleasureseeking id and the restraining superego Unconsciousaccording to Freud is the part of the self that contains repressed memories we are not normally aware of Researchers have called into questions many of the specifics of Freuds argument three criticisms stand out page 103 1 The connections between early childhood development and adult personality are more complex than Freud assumed 2 Many sociologists criticize Freud for gender bias in his analysis of male and female sexuality 3 Sociologists often criticize Freud for neglecting socialization after childhood he believed human personality is fixed by about the age of five Charles Horton CooleyIntroduced idea of lookingglass selfwhen we interact with others they gesture and react to us allowing us to imagine how we appear to them Just as we see our physical body reflected in a mirror so we see our social selves reflected in peoples gesturesreactions to us
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