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Sociology Lec 4

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Dr Money had the sons sex reassigned after electrical cauterizing needle cut off BrendaBruceDavids penis which left him intersexed Intersexed infants are babies born with ambiguous genitals because of a hormone inbalance in the womb or some other cause Your sex depends on whether you were born with distinct male or female genitals and a genetic program that released either male or female hormones to stimulate the development of your reproductive system Your gender is your sense of being male or female and your playing of masculine and feminine roles in ways defined as appropriate by your culture and society Gender identitiy is a persons identification with or sense of belonging to a particular sexbiologically psychologically and sociallyA gender role is the set of behaviours associated with widely shared expectations about how males and females are supposed to actResaerch shows babies first develop a sense of gender identity between the ages of 2 and 3 They get a sense of being a boy or girl at the age of 1 Social learning of gender begins very early in life Heterosexuality is the preference for members of the opposite sex as sexual partners Essentialism is a school of thought that views gender differences as a reflection of biological differences between women and men Freud offered an essentialist explanation of malefemale differences Believed that male And female anatomy account for the development of distinct masculine and feminine gender roles Conflict and feminist theorists disagree sharply with the essentialist account They have lodged 4 main criticisms against it 1 Essentalists ignore the historical and cultural viariability of ender and sexuality gender role isnt constant women are developing traits and becoming more competitiveindependent etc in the past few decades 2 Tends to generalize from the average ignoring variations within gender groups eg essentialists say that men are more aggressive than woman and make it seem like it is true for all women but is not 3 Little or no evidence directly supports the essentialists major claims havent collected any experimental or survey data showing boys are more independent then girls 4 Essentalists explanations for gender differences ignore the role of power Gender socialization
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