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Lecture 4

SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Coyote, Zoophilia, Street Prostitution

Course Code
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Sociology & Sexuality
-sexuality is guided by social scripts that tell us whom we should find sexually
attractive & how to behave sexually
-20th century – sexual century b/c sex came out of the closet
-erotophobia – religion that has a phobic highly negative in response to
-Freud – identified the libido – sex drive in humans – located in the id
-Kense – sex researcher – studied habits of sexual behaviour
Body Image
- women tend to be judged on appearance more often than men
- those dissatisfied w/ their body image are less likely to desire & engage in
sexual activity
-prepare to undergo sex surgery & hormone therapy
Transgenders defy male/female cultural roles
- sexual identity doesn’t match the body
Gender Identity & Gender Role
-Gender identity is one’s identification w/ or sense of belonging to, a particular
-Gender role refers to acting in accordance w/ widely shared expectations
about how members of one’s gender are supposed to behave
- dressed in a fashionable way
- not sure if it’s caused by nature or nurture
- found in our closest evolutionary relatives
- found in all cultures at all times in history
Compulsory heterosexuality – sexual activities expressed with the opposite sex
Mating Rituals
- sexual position varies from one culture to another
Sexual Controversies
-sometimes sex is dominated by hostility, aggression, violence
- typically male on female violence
-sexual violence can be rape, verbal, physical abuse, harassment
Sexual Harassment
-quid pro quo sexual harassment involves the use of sexual threats or
bribery in the making of decisions affecting employment
-hostile env’t sexual harassment involves sexual jokes, comments and
touching that interfere w/ work/create an unfriendly work setting
- 23% - 51% of women have been sexually harassed in the workplace
- over 100,000 women a year are raped in America
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