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SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Fluoxetine, Methylphenidate

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Health & Medicine
- interest groups have been able to influence the way the medical community
have labelled mental illness
Labelling & De-labelling
-was defined as a mental illness before 1974 in the Diagnostic & Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
-after that, gay activists were seeking to de-stigmatize homosexuality (de-label)
- center in Freudian therapy
-DSM task force tried to eliminate neuroses as a mental disorder (de-label)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- In 1971, Vietnam veterans returned from war
-soldiers always have a hard time readjusting to civilian life after war
- in 1974, there was a recession
-tried to label it as a disorder to get compensation money
Self-Defeating Personality Disorder (SDP)
- by calling this a mental illness, psychiatrists were guilty of blaming the victim
- 1994 DSN de-labelled this
Culture & Mental Health
- mental disorders are shaped by things other than scientific evidence
- social values, political forces – subjective
-at the start of the 19th century, in Canada the federal gov’t recognized one
mental disorder, imbecility/insanity
- by 1975, DSN listed 106 mental disorders
- by 1994, DSN recognized 297 mental disorders
- in 2001, the Canadian Mental Health Association estimated that 1 in 5
Canadians will be effected w/ a mental health disorder once in their lives
- most common disorder is depression
Mental Health Labelling – A Growth Industry
Medical labelling has increased for the following reasons:
-stress society – demands of work increased overtime
- in the modern world, traditional institutions that used to deal with
mental health have been losing their authority
- the family, religion, community has been weakened
-pharmaceutical corporation – sell drugs
-most successful drug, Prozac – an anti-depressant, repackaged as
Serafem & marketed it to women suffering from pre-menstrual dysphoric
disorder (PDD)
- Eli Lilly is the company that sells Prozac
- Made $6.5 billion in revenues
- Ritalin, used for Children & Adults w/ Attention Deficit Disorder (CHADD)
- Ratio 4:1 boys to girls, used mostly for hyperactive boys
- The medicalization of social control, ex. used to gain control in the
- Belongs to family of amphetamines
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