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SOCA01H3 (591)

week 8 - race and ethnicity.doc

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Race and Ethnicity The Field Defined - sociologists recognize that ethnicity & race are socially defined and do change – they are “acquired” rather than “ascribed” characteristics - race – category of ppl who have been singled out as inferior/superior (genetically) on the basis of physical characteristics such as skin color, hair color, texture & eye shape - racism – to judge somebody as being genetically inferior/superior - migration, immigration = intermarriage - you find more genetic variation within a race than you do btwn races An ethnic group may be defined: - objectively – by group language, culture, customs, national origin & ancestry, or - subjectively – by the self-identification of group members - over 20 million Canadians report themselves as having a multiethnic origin - classifying humans into races is now regarded as arbitrary b/c differences are trivial - however, racial groups are real in a sociological sense as ppl w/ diff skin color, etc are treated differently - racism – disadvantageous treatment of certain groups whose members are distinguished by socially significant … - ethnic traits include language, clothing, holidays, sense of community, membership at birth, geography/territoriality - in Canada, we see residential segregation – certain groups in certain areas - residential segregation is mostly vol
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