SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Social Darwinism

61 views8 pages
School
Department
Course
Professor
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
UDWH
UDWH
UDWH
UDWH
VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDOVROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
UDWH
UDWH
UDWH
UDWH
/HFWXUH
/HFWXUH
/HFWXUH
/HFWXUH 


 Β±
Β±
Β±
Β±6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDOWKHRULHV
WKHRULHV
WKHRULHV
WKHRULHVDQG
DQG
DQG
DQG WKHRULVWV
WKHRULVWV
WKHRULVWV
WKHRULVWV
$SSO\LQJ
$SSO\LQJ
$SSO\LQJ
$SSO\LQJWKH
WKH
WKH
WKH6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO 3HUVSHFWLYH
3HUVSHFWLYH
3HUVSHFWLYH
3HUVSHFWLYH6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\DQG
DQG
DQG
DQGDQRPLH
DQRPLH
DQRPLH
DQRPLH
3XUSRVH
3XUSRVH
3XUSRVH
3XUSRVHWRVKRZ WKDWVXLFLGHUDWHVDUHSRZHUIXOO\DIIHFWHG E\ VRFLDOUHODWLRQV
6XLFLGH DSSHDUVWREH DQDQWLVRFLDOQRQVRFLDO LQGLYLGXDODFW
FRQGHPQHGZLGHO\ E\ VRFLHW\
JHQHUDOO\FRPPLWWHGLQSULYDWH
FRPSDUDWLYHO\UDUH
:KHQ'XUNKHLPH[DPLQHGWKH UHODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQVXLFLGHUDWHVDQG UDWHRI SV\FKRORJLFDOGLVRUGHU IRU
YDULRXV JURXSV KH VWXGLHGKH H[SHFWHGWRILQG KLJK UDWHVRI SV\FKRORJLFDOGLVRUGHUDFFRPSDQLHG E\ KLJK
UDWHVRI VXLFLGHV,QVWHDGKH IRXQG WKDW-HZVKDYHRQH RI WKH KLJKHVWSV\FKRORJLFDOGLVRUGHU UDWHVDQG RQH
RI WKH ORZHVWVXLFLGHUDWHVFOHDUO\WKHUHPXVWEH DQRWKHU IDFWRUVDIIHFWLQJ VXLFLGHUDWHV
'XUNKHLPVKRZHGWKDWVXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
LQFUHDVH
LQFUHDVH
LQFUHDVH
LQFUHDVHZLWK
ZLWK
ZLWK
ZLWK
DQRPLH
DQRPLH
DQRPLH
DQRPLH
DQG
DQG
DQG
DQG GHFUHDVH
GHFUHDVH
GHFUHDVH
GHFUHDVHZLWK
ZLWK
ZLWK
ZLWK
VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDO VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\
VROLGDULW\ ,QGLFDWHG E\ WKH QXPEHURI VRFLDOVXSSRUWV\RX KDYH9DULDEOHV


IDPLO\WLHVRI
IULHQGV\RX FRXOGWHOO DQ\WKLQJ WRR PHPEHUVKLSVLQ JURXSVYROXQWHHULQJFKXUFK RUJVξ€Œ
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\ YVWKH ORQHO\FURZG
$QRPLH
$QRPLH
$QRPLH
$QRPLHQRUPOHVVQHVVQRW WKH VDPH DVDOLHQDWLRQ QRW NQRZLQJ KRZ WREHKDYHLQDVLWXDWLRQ
VRFLDOFKDQJH DVSURGXFHURI DQRPLH
0RYLQJQHZMRE QHZVFKRROEHLQJ ILUHG GLYRUFHGHDWKRI VRPHRQHPDUNHWFUDVK
(JRWLVWLF DQG $QRPLF6XLFLGH$OWUXLVWLFVXLFLGH'XUNKHLPDUJXHGWKDW WKHVXLFLGH UDWHGHFUHDVHV
DQG WKHQUDLVHVDV VRFLDOVROLGDULW\LQFUHDVHV
(JRWLVWLFVXLFLGH
UHVXOWVIURP WKH SRRU LQWHJUDWLRQ
RI SHRSOHLQWRVRFLHW\EHFDXVHRI ZHDNVRFLDO WLHV
WRRWKHUV
$QRPLFVXLFLGH
RFFXUVZKHQ YDJXH
QRUPVJRYHUQEHKDYLRXU3HRSOHNQRZLQJO\
JLYLQJ XS WKHLUOLYHVWRVDYHRWKHUVFRPPLW
DOWUXLVWLFVXLFLGH

x
x
x
x&RPSDULQJ
&RPSDULQJ
&RPSDULQJ
&RPSDULQJVXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH
VXLFLGH UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
 PHQ YVZRPHQ
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\$QRPLH
ξ‚žξ€ƒ0HQPRUHOLNHO\WR JHWILUHGRU WRIHHO ORVW
DIWHUDGLYRUFH
:RPHQξ‚žVRFLDOVXSSRUW IDPLO\HYHQGXULQJ
PDUULDJHξ€Œξ€IULHQGVKLSV
0HQKDYHKLJKHU UDWHVξ€žZRPHQKRZHYHUPLJKW WU\PRUHRIWHQDVD FU\IRU KHOS 0HQDOVRXVHJXQV PRUH
7KH VWDWLVWLFVDUHSUHWW\VWDEOH DURXQG WKHZRUOG
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
 ROG YV\RXQJ
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\$QRPLH
ξ‚žξ€ƒ2OGGHDGIULHQGVDQG IDPLO\NLGV RXW RI
QHVWZHDNHU IDPLO\WLHVGHDWKRI VSRXVH
5HWLUHG VLFNDQG SK\VLFDOO\XQDEOH
<RXQJ ξ‚žPRUHIULHQGVSK\VLFDOO\DEOHWR JR RXW
DQG UHODWH
5DWHVDUHKLJKHURQ ROGHUSHRSOHWKH\SHDNULJKW DIWHU UHWLUHPHQW DQG WKHQWKH\KDYHWKH QH[W SHDNZKHQ
WKH\EHFRPHUHDOO\ROGξ€›ξ€˜ξ€Ž
 UXUDOYVXUEDQ
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\$QRPLH
ξ‚ž8UEDQ ξ‚žξ€ƒE\ MXVWDOLWWOHPRUHLQWHUDFWLRQV ZLWK
VWUDQJHUVQRW VXUHKRZ WRLQWHUDFW
5XUDOξ‚žLQUXUDOPRUHQHLJKERU LQWHUDFWLRQ
VWURQJHUWLHV7HFKQRORJ\ WKDWKDV
ZHDNHQHGVRFLDO WLHVLQUXUDOJURXQGV79
8UEDQKDYHKLJKHUVXLFLGHUDWHV
 FDWKROLFYVSURWHVWDQW
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\$QRPLH
ξ€ƒξ‚žξ€ƒ3URWHVWDQW ξ‚žξ€ƒDIWHUSULQWLQJ WKXV UHDGWKH %LEOH
LQVWHDGRI DVNLQJ DSULHVWξ€’PHGLDWRU IRU
LQWHUSUHWDWLRQ WKXV PRUHURRP IRU DQRPLH
&DWKROLFξ‚ž6WURQJHUVHQVHRI FRPPXQLW\ξ‚ SULHVWVKDYHPRUHSRZHU
3URWHVWDQWVKDYHWKH KLJKHU UDWH
ξ€˜ξ€‘ QRQDERULJLQDOYVDERULJLQDO
6RFLDOVROLGDULW\$QRPLH
ξ€ƒξ‚žξ€ƒ$ERULJLQDOξ‚žξ€ƒUHDOO\KLJK DQRPLHOLYHLQUHVHUYHV
QRW SDUWRI &DQDGLDQFXOWXUH7U\LQJ WR
PDLQWDLQWKH\FXOWXUH DQG UHMHFW&DQDGLDQ
FXOWXUH1RVHQVHRI IXWXUH1RPDQΒΆV
ODQG
1RQDERULJLQDOξ‚ž6WURQJHUVHQVHRI FRPPXQLW\
$ERULJLQDOSHRSOHKDYH D PXFKKLJKHU UDWH7KH ,QQX RI /DEUDGRU DUH DFWXDOO\WKH PRVWVXLFLGHSURQH
SHRSOHLQWKH ZRUOG WLPHVKLJKHUWKDQWKH UHVWRI &DQDGLDQVξ€ξ€•ξ€“ξ€“ξ€”ξ€Œξ€‘7KHUHLVDKLJKHU UDWHLQWHHQ
VXLFLGHLQWKH DERULJLQDOSRSXODWLRQ
/RJLF
/RJLF
/RJLF
/RJLF
ξ‚™,I VXLFLGHVZHUHMXVW WKH UHVXOWRI LQGLYLGXDOGHSUHVVLRQ RU PHQWDO LOOQHVVWKH\ZRXOG127YDU\
V\VWHPDWLFDOO\ E\ JURXS WLPHWKLVLVDQLPSRUWDQW LGHDξ€Œ
([SODLQLQJ
([SODLQLQJ
([SODLQLQJ
([SODLQLQJGDWD
GDWD
GDWD
GDWDFKDQJHV
FKDQJHV
FKDQJHV
FKDQJHVRYHU
RYHU
RYHU
RYHUWLPH
WLPH
WLPH
WLPH
x
x
x
x6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHVULVLQJ
ULVLQJ
ULVLQJ
ULVLQJLQ
LQ
LQ
LQ&DQDGD
&DQDGD
&DQDGD
&DQDGD
,Q ξ€”ξ€œξ€œξ€• Γ†DW OHDVWξ€–ξ€šξ€“ξ€œ VXLFLGHVLQ&DQDGD
5LVHGXH WR
VRFLDOFKDQJHVLQVRFLHW\
FKDQJHV
FKDQJHV
FKDQJHV
FKDQJHVLQ
LQ
LQ
LQUHFRUGLQJ
UHFRUGLQJ
UHFRUGLQJ
UHFRUGLQJGHDWK
GHDWK
GHDWK
GHDWKFHUWLILFDWHV
FHUWLILFDWHV
FHUWLILFDWHV
FHUWLILFDWHV
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
x
x
x
x'DWD
'DWD
'DWD
'DWDLV
LV
LV
LV VRFLDOO\
VRFLDOO\
VRFLDOO\
VRFLDOO\FRQVWUXFWHG
FRQVWUXFWHG
FRQVWUXFWHG
FRQVWUXFWHG
'DWDLV
GHWHUPLQHGDVPXFK E\ SROLWLFDODGPLQLVWUDWLYHSURFHGXUHVDVE\ ZKDW LVKDSSHQLQJ LQWKH UHDO
ZRUOG
ODZξ€’VRFLDOFRQWURO!LQFUHDVHLQREVHUYHG
REVHUYHG
REVHUYHG
REVHUYHGUDWHV
HJ
HJ
HJ
HJ ξ€”
ξ€”
ξ€”
ξ€”3URVWLWXWLRQ
3URVWLWXWLRQ
3URVWLWXWLRQ
3URVWLWXWLRQ FKDUJHV
FKDUJHV
FKDUJHV
FKDUJHV
&KDQJHVLQWKH ODZ
6ROLFLWLQJ ODZQHHGWRKDYH HYLGHQFHRI WDONLQJ DERXW SULFH '5236
6XSUHPH&RXUW LQWHUSUHWV VROLFLWLQJ QDUURZO\KDUGHUWRSURVHFXWHξ€Œ5,6(6$/,77/(
ξ€ξ€”ξ€œξ€›ξ€˜ %LOO &ξ€—ξ€œ 6+227683
3URVWLWXWLRQ GLGQΒΆWVKRRW XS LQWKH DJHRI $,'6
3ROLFH NQRZVDERXW SURVWLWXWLRQ WKH\FDQHLWKHUDξ€ξ€Œ LJQRUHLW
Eξ€ξ€ŒSUHVV FKDUJHVLISHRSOH FRPSODLQ
:KDW WKH\ GR PRVWO\GHSHQGV RQ ZKDWKDSSHQV ZKHQWKH\ JR WRFRXUWVLQFHSURVHFXWLRQ LVD
UHVRXUFH FRQVXPLQJ SURFHVV
HJ
HJ
HJ
HJ 


6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH
6XLFLGH UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
UDWHV
&KDQJHLQUHSRUWLQJ FKLOGUHQΒΆV VXLFLGHV
%HIRUHZKHQ NLGV FRPPLWWHGVXLFLGHLW ZDVWUHDWHGDVDQDFFLGHQW
E\ WKH &KXUFKRU WKH FRURQHUV VLQFH FKLOGUHQ GRQΒΆW OHDYHVXLFLGH
QRWHVDQG LQVXUDQFH GRHVQΒΆWFRYHUVXLFLGHSOXV WKHUHLVWKH VRFLDO
DQG UHOLJLRXV VWLJPDLW FDUULHV
&RURQHUVGRQΒΆW LJQRUHVXLFLGHVRU WUHDW WKHPDVDFFLGHQWV
DQ\PRUH
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH DQG
DQG
DQG
DQG 6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO
6RFLRORJLFDO LPDJLQDWLRQ
LPDJLQDWLRQ
LPDJLQDWLRQ
LPDJLQDWLRQ
$V VKRZQ E\ WKH VXLFLGH H[DPSOHVRFLDOUHODWLRQV DIIHFW
LQGLYLGXDOVDQG LQIOXHQFHWKHLU IHHOLQJVDQG EHKDYLRXU6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
6RFLDO
VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHVDUHWKH UHODWLYHO\VWDEOHSDWWHUQV RI VRFLDOUHODWLRQV
x
x
x
x/HYHOV
/HYHOV
/HYHOV
/HYHOVRI
RI
RI
RI VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDO
VRFLDO VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH
VWUXFWXUH
 0LFURVWUXFWXUHV
0LFURVWUXFWXUHV
0LFURVWUXFWXUHV
0LFURVWUXFWXUHV3DWWHUQV RI LQWLPDWHVRFLDOUHODWLRQV
IRUPHGGXULQJ IDFHWRIDFH LQWHUDFWLRQV
HJ
HJ
HJ
HJ )DPLO\IULHQGVKLSFLUFOHVZRUNDVVRFLDWLRQVDFTXDLQWDQFHV
7KH VWUHQJWKRI ZHDNHUWLHV3HRSOHZKR \RX NQRZ DUHOLNHO\WR
NQRZ WKH VDPHNLQG RI SHRSOHSHRSOHWRZKRP \RX DUH
ZHDNO\
UHODWHGDQG DUHZHDNO\FRQQHFWHGDPRQJ WKHPVHOYHVDUHPRUH
OLNHO\WR NQRZ
GLIIHUHQW
JURXSV RI SHRSOH
 0DFURVWUXFWXUHV
0DFURVWUXFWXUHV
0DFURVWUXFWXUHV
0DFURVWUXFWXUHV3DWWHUQV RI VRFLDOUHODWLRQV WKDW OLH
RXWVLGH DQG DERYH\RXU FLUFOHRI LQWLPDWHVDQG DFTXDLQWDQFHV
HJ
HJ
HJ
HJ FODVV UHODWLRQVEXUHDXFUDFLHVDQG SDWULDUFK\
8QGHUVWDQGLQJ KRZ SDWULDUFK\ DIIHFWVRXU HYHU\GD\OLIH FDQKHOS
XV OHDGKDSSLHUOLYHVDQG HYHQVDYHRXU PDUULDJH3DWULDUFK\
3DWULDUFK\
3DWULDUFK\
3DWULDUFK\LV
WKH WUDGLWLRQDOV\VWHPRI HFRQRPLF DQG SROLWLFDO LQHTXDOLW\
EHWZHHQZRPHQDQG PHQLQPRVWVRFLHWLHV
 *OREDO
*OREDO
*OREDO
*OREDO VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHV
VWUXFWXUHV3DWWHUQV RI VRFLDOUHODWLRQVDWDQLQWHUQDWLRQDO OHYHO
HJ
HJ
HJ
HJ ,QWHUQDWLRQDORUJDQL]DWLRQVSDWWHUQV RI ZRUOGZLGH WUDYHODQG FRPPXQLFDWLRQ DQG HFRQRPLFUHODWLRQV
EHWZHHQFRXQWULHV
8QGHUVWDQGLQJ KRZ JOREDOVWUXFWXUHVZRUNPLJKW KHOSXV DOOHYLDWHJOREDO LQHTXDOLW\
$XJXVWH
$XJXVWH
$XJXVWH
$XJXVWH&RPWH
&RPWH
&RPWH
&RPWHξ€‹ξ€”ξ€šξ€œξ€›ξ€ξ€”ξ€›ξ€šξ€˜ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€šξ€œξ€›ξ€ξ€”ξ€›ξ€šξ€˜ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€šξ€œξ€›ξ€ξ€”ξ€›ξ€šξ€˜ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€šξ€œξ€›ξ€ξ€”ξ€›ξ€šξ€˜ξ€Œ
)DWKHURI VRFLRORJ\ ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€›ξ€–ξ€›ξ€Œξ€‘
3RVLWLYLVW7KH XVHRI VFLHQWLILF
PHWKRGV DQG DYLVLRQ RI WKH
LGHDOVRFLHW\ZHUH HYLGHQW LQ
KLVZRUN+HZDVD)UHQFKPDQ
RI FRQVHUYDWLYHLGHDV6DZ
VRFLDO ODZVDVHTXLYDOHQW WRWKH
ODZVRI QDWXUHUHDOO\WKH\
DUHQΒΆWξ€Œξ€‘:DQWV VRFLRORJLFDO
SULHVWKRRG(OHYDWHGSRVLWLYLVP
WRDUHOLJLRQ
+HUEHUW
+HUEHUW
+HUEHUW
+HUEHUW6SHQFHU
6SHQFHU
6SHQFHU
6SHQFHU ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€›ξ€•ξ€“ξ€ξ€”ξ€œξ€“ξ€–ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€›ξ€•ξ€“ξ€ξ€”ξ€œξ€“ξ€–ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€›ξ€•ξ€“ξ€ξ€”ξ€œξ€“ξ€–ξ€Œ
ξ€‹ξ€”ξ€›ξ€•ξ€“ξ€ξ€”ξ€œξ€“ξ€–ξ€Œ
6HFRQG IRXQGHURI VRFLRORJ\
%ULWLVK %HOLHYHGWKDWVRFLHW\
RSHUDWHVDFFRUGLQJ WRVFLHQWLILF
ODZVDQG LQ
6RFLDO 'DUZLQLVP

VRFLHWLHVHYROYHOLNHELRORJLFDO
V\VWHPVξ€žVXUYLYDORI WKH ILWWHVWξ€ž
VRFLDO LQHTXDOLWLHVZHUH
QHFHVVDU\LIVRFLHWLHVZHUHWR
HYROYH:HDOWK\ LQGXVWULDOLVWV
ORYHGWKLVWKHRU\
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+20% off
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers