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Lecture

SOCA02 - Education.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Winter

Description
Education 1 SOCA02 Mass Education: An Overview Mass education is what we live with today Mass educational systems are everywhere Religion in traditional society was the main source of knowledge which is now taken over my education, education is second in importance to the family as an agent of socialization Many people will say education is in fact is trying to replace parents many educators call themselves co-parents A 4-year old girl in Kitchener, Waterloo drew a gun/pistol and the teacher became alarmed and called the Apparatchik (bureaucratic functionaries in the Soviet Union) who then called the cops o Cops raided the house and found a toy plastic gun they violated peoples civil liberties o The teacher asked the little girl what does the your daddy use the gun for and she answered to kill monsters o The family has currently contacted lawyers to issue a lawsuit, it is a pro bono case ( a case done for free because it involves an important instance of law) In many cases parents complain that education is trying to take over the role of primary socialization This universal mass education is recent and it is still reserved for wealthy countries 300 years ago most people were illiterate and never attended school In Canada the literacy rate is 99% o Literacy is the ability to read and understand at a primitive level o University students have gone above and beyond the literacy rate o Often beyond grade 8 literate Education provides uniform socialization o Religious training used to isolate people from the surrounding community, this doesnt take place with education o Education has become rationalized and centralized, and there are strong pressures towards uniformity and standardization o Many people oppose this In the US there is a strong tendency and a lesser degree in Canada towards homeschool in these cases parents dont like what the schools are teaching In primary school and high school the curriculum is established by Apparatchik by bureaucrats in school boards Education 2 SOCA02 The curriculum in University is established by course instructors & this is called academic freedom they get to decided what textbooks to use and what lectures to give comes from common law tradition and goes back 100s of years Chief concerns of religion What is taught in schools Some people pay attention to how changes in the economy mean changes in education Steve Job and Steve Wozniak have been in the news lately o Two buddies who lived in California o Were a part of the flower power generation and smoked a lot of dope, acid, etc. o In-between doing all of this they founded Apple Computers o Apple is now the largest corporation in the world worth half a trillion dollars o Steve Jobs went to India and got into Buddhism, contemplation, yoga, etc. plucked away with electronics constantly and came up with many of the products we use today o Isacson wrote a autobiography on Steve Jobs o Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak have changed education Sociologist look at how the economy influences education, and education has become heavily computerized Germany spent 150 billion dollars on solar energy, solar energy provides Germany with 0.04% of its total power that Germany produces not much off a payoff from this investment for Germany Education can also influence the economy when talking about Steve Job that is the economy influencing education The other way around education influencing the economy o Example = Watson & Crick - famous book = The double helix and DNA o Was a huge discovery o There are a bunch of genetic research companies out there now = educational research made this change in the economy 2 approaches to education functional and conflict approach, Does education promote equality or inequality? Functionalism Looks at achievementsEducation 3 SOCA02 Generally sees education as being based on meritocracy you are judged on merit, for example, scantron = objective test based on merit Educational systems are meritocracies they evaluate people on basis of merit/achievement = functionalist gives this most prominence Ascription is brought in here and there but it is much less important ascription is much more important to conflict theory Functionalism goes back a long way goes back to early French sociologist of the 19 th th century Comte (French) & Spencer (Englishman), Parsons (20 century American) They generally say that educational is functional and makes a positive contribution to society because it integrates societal members into a functioning whole Preview of Conflict Theory it argues that economic barriers filter basis on the ability to pay, some jobs require academic credential and these credentials are questionable as job skills Retired Chartered Accountant back in the days when there was grade 13 once he graduated grade 13, a CA company hired him, trained him, and wrote his Ontario
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