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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Sociology and Suicide: Durkheims Analysis th September 16 , 2010 Intro -Sociology came from: 1. The Enlightenment (humans became more interested in reason), 2. Industrial Revolution (created wealth, allowed more people to be educated), 3. Age of Science Durkheim asks the questions: - Do social forces exist? Exists because they produce consequences, social forces shape behaviour, ex. but in line then you are violating one of the social forces (first come first serve) -do social forces relate to suicide? If Durkheim finds no relations to social forces and suicide rates then theres no reason for sociology to exist therefore they do relate to suicide Social structure: -Microstructures: lots of social interactions (you and your friends and family) -Macrostructures: economy in a society, political system, the mass media. Above microstructure. Creates valuable resources, ex. Money, power, prestige (physician has more prestige than someone who works in a factory) -Global Structure: Self explanatory. Refers to global economy, Canadas trade with other countries, political institutions, ex. United Nations, Are stable, they last Sociological Perspective: - Suicide is an individual thing, the most relevant to psychological problems, but social structures is also a factor - Durkheim didnt find connection between psychological problems and suicide; therefore it is normal people commit suicide: inverse relationship means- as psychological disorders increase suicide decreases -Durkheim is concerned with social issues and suicide, looks at social integration (social solidarity) with society -if people have common beliefs then the society is integrated well (common religion for example binds people together)
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