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Sexuality and Gender

3 pages102 viewsFall 2010

Course Code
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Sexuality and Gender
October 14th, 2010
-essentialism: nature (sex), refers to genes and biology
-constructionalism: nurture (gender)
-our sex influences our identity (doing gender)
-when spoken about sex it wasn’t up until recently that we started studying it because it
used to be tabooed and hidden
-erotiaphobic: people who have phobias against erotic things
-orgiastic: in contrast to erotiaphobic
-Freud treated sex scientifically; superego, ego, id
-internal psychological conflict is natural
-people call the 20th century the sexual century, Freud is primarily responsible for talking
about sex more openly
-masters and Johnsons examined sexual behaviour in a lab; discovered the physiology of
-Sherhite, a sex survey researcher; she looks into the actually behaviour of homosexuality
-Freud is an essentialist, basis his human theory on nature, sees gender differences as
biological differences
-testicular tissue: starts to produce the male hormone, testosterone
-what causes homosexuality? Nature or nurture; there are many debates on this
-people say that male and females origins of behaviour are from nurture
-the sex drive in humans is very powerful
-people from different cultures find different things sexually attractive like feet or knees
-sex can become violent and aggressive
-typically male on female violence but can be male on male violence
-sexual violence doesn’t have to be physical, it can also be harassment doesn’t have to be
just rape
-sexual harassment can be verbal
-usually women are more at risk when they hold subordinate positions in the workplace
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