SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Determinism, Dominant Ideology, Status Quo
Culture is the sum of ideas, practices, and material objects that people create to an effort to survive in a complex and changing environment. This definition is very broad it can include the whole of society. The definition of social structure can also be expanded to include the whole of society. Philip smith defines culture as the ideal, the spiritual, and the non-material . Emphases the idea of the idea, and something that isn t real. Baumann: culture consists of elements of social life that have meaning that members of society communicate and understand. This distinguishes culture from the concrete elements of social life (baumann lived experience ), which are embodied and enacted by actual objects and people these concrete elements for social structure. Occupational segregation by gender is an element of social structure. Religious institutions and religious discrimination are elements of social structure.