Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
Sociology (2,434)
SOCA01H3 (591)


3 Pages

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Culture defined • culture usually refers to high culture(culture consumed by upper class) or popular culture Culture • shared symbols and their definitions that people create to solve real life problems • Human survival kit: • abstraction is the first cultural tool, the ability to create concepts that organize sensory experience in meaningful ways • Cooperation capacity to create a social life by establishing generally accepted ways of doing things and ideas about what is right and what is wrong(norms,values) • Production-making tools. Tools and techniques are called material culture because they are tangible Three types of forms: Folkways, mores, taboos • Folkway: least important social norm, evoike least punishent. It is a social preference • Mores: social requirement. People believe it to be essential for survival for their group or society • taboo: among strongest norm. When someone violates a taboo, it causes revulsion in community, punishment is severve Culture and Biology Evolution of Human Behaviour • Sociologists claim that behaviour did not evolve evolutionary • evolutiontists claim that male promiciousity is adaptative evolutionary • however, male are only slighttly more promicious ( social arrangements such as marriage account in the substantial measure for variation in male promiciousity) • gay men are more likely to have more sex partners than lesbians, men are more likely than women to have same sex relationships Language • Saphir-whof thesis • We experience things\> form concepts> forms life • Camels are important in nomadic arabs, many types of words for camel in arabic • Language influences the way we see the world • The culture of tzeltal in southern mexico or of GuuguYimmithirr in QueenslandAustraila, lack concepts of left/right • if a tree to the north is located behind them, they will point to themselves as if they don't exist Culture as Freedom and constraint • In india the “untouchables” have the right to eat beef of dead cows, form the workforce of indias large leather craft industry Culture as Freedom • Uptill 1960, culture was seen as a refelection of society • Symbolic interactionaists see culture as an indepedent variable, one that influences society Culture Diversity • in 1988 according to the multicultural act, canada had no offical culture, and all cultures were equal • critics of multicultural education: • 1) multicultural education hurts students because you have less time for core subjects such as math,... • 2)It encourages political disunity and results in more interethnic and intterracial conflict • 3)It encourages cultural relativism, some cultures embrace female genital multilation which is wrong • Rights revolution 1) legitimizes the grievances of groups that were formerly exc
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.