Class: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: S. Ungar
Date: September 27, 2012
Used(looked at): Ignored/inadequate
- Class - Class
- Race -Age
- Ethnicity -Race
- Family size
Sociology Vs. Journalism
- How would sociologists study the “4 families”?
o Use random sample to represent population (easy to create anything you want if 3 or 4
o Measure & quantify variables
I.e., do systematic coutring
Sociology as science
- Confirm the obvious
o What everyone knows
o Common scence
- Reality is complex
- “debunk” obvious with date
The obvious: alcohol fosters crime
- A basic argument for prohibition in US o Will lower crime rates
American Murder Data shows: Prohibition of alcohol from 1920 to 1933, murder rate actually rose.
Law as dysfunctional (functionalism)
- Spawns organized crime
o Unintended consequence
o Passing laws sometimes raise organized crime
Data are socially constructed (have to be collected, need sample, etc…)
- May not measure what it is supposed to measure
Explain how suicide rate changed over time
- Rise due to:
o Social changes in society
o Changes in recording death certificates!!!
Administrative Decisions & Suicide rates?
- Children’s suicides!!!
Prostitution charges 1962-1992
- Charges dropped very little with :soliciting law”
- Supreme court narrowly interprets soliciting in 1983 (charge rate dropped)
- 1985 Bill c-49 makes much easier to prosecute and prostitution charges skyrocket (aids was
discovered 1980 so not possible that more prostitutes)
Doesn’t tell you anything about prostitution just about charges laid by police.
- Determined as much by political & administrative procedures as by what is happening in the real
- Law/social control - increase in Observed rates.
Know the Research cycle from the text, Also know validity & reliability.
Take on two or more values
- SES (Socio-economic Status) Independent Variable(s)
- Comes first in time( an event two days later cant cause the event on the current day)
- May “cause” or affect the dependent variable
- Example : Time, Age