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September 27, 2012.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Class: Introduction to Sociology Course Code: Professor: S. Ungar Date: September 27, 2012 A01_W3_dataNET Family Variables: Used(looked at): Ignored/inadequate - Class - Class - Race -Age - Ethnicity -Race - Gender - Family size - Context - Sociology Vs. Journalism - How would sociologists study the “4 families”? o Use random sample to represent population (easy to create anything you want if 3 or 4 families) o Measure & quantify variables  I.e., do systematic coutring Sociology as science - Confirm the obvious o What everyone knows o Common scence Versus: - Reality is complex - “debunk” obvious with date The obvious: alcohol fosters crime - A basic argument for prohibition in US o Will lower crime rates American Murder Data shows: Prohibition of alcohol from 1920 to 1933, murder rate actually rose. Law as dysfunctional (functionalism) - Spawns organized crime o Unintended consequence o Passing laws sometimes raise organized crime Data are socially constructed (have to be collected, need sample, etc…) - May not measure what it is supposed to measure Explain how suicide rate changed over time - Rise due to: o Social changes in society o Changes in recording death certificates!!! Administrative Decisions & Suicide rates? - Children’s suicides!!! Prostitution charges 1962-1992 - Charges dropped very little with :soliciting law” - Supreme court narrowly interprets soliciting in 1983 (charge rate dropped) - 1985 Bill c-49 makes much easier to prosecute and prostitution charges skyrocket (aids was discovered 1980 so not possible that more prostitutes) Doesn’t tell you anything about prostitution just about charges laid by police. Prostitution charges - Determined as much by political & administrative procedures as by what is happening in the real world. - Law/social control - increase in Observed rates. Know the Research cycle from the text, Also know validity & reliability. Variables Take on two or more values - Gender - Religion - SES (Socio-economic Status) Independent Variable(s) - Comes first in time( an event two days later cant cause the event on the current day) - May “cause” or affect the dependent variable - Example : Time, Age Depen
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