Socialization – is the learning of knowledge, skills, motivations & identities as our genetic
potential interacts w/ our social env’t
-how culture is transmitted & acquired
-social determinism – important social facts in making human beings
-social forces shape the way we act, feel
-begins at birth and continues through life
-shaped by where you are
The Self & Socialization
-in the course of socialization, one develops a self awareness of ideas & attitudes
about one’s personal & social identity
-among the important early theorists who analyzed the development of the self are
Freud, Piaget, Cooley & Mead
Patterns of Socialization
-include language, values, responsibilities- is being accountable for your own actions,
social class-has an impact on how children.
-Nuclear family-has little socialisation
-They can be patterns in the family-ie children in an order taking caar of each other
-Another explain of patterns is gender in children.
-Patterns within family you have boy socialisation: boys tend to be socialised
differently than girls. Parents do not like girls to be involved in rough play.
Socialization & biology (nature interacts with nurture)
-cultures determines your diet (hunger is a drive-we all must eat)
-aspect of socialization
-primary socialization begins with birth (brother, mother ,father, sister)
-is critical for the production of a well balanced, emotionally stable individual in adult
-primary is more important than secondary – a kid will learn how to act according to
whar they see at home. If the experienced violence they will act violently in life.
-secondary socialization is when there are diff influences in a child’s life – this is
school and peers, muck jobs, getting married, becoming parents, ageism- as you get
old you are supposed to start acting old so the norm says. Gerontology – is where you
look after people.
-children are exposed to kiddie culture – this is at school where they exchange
Agents of socialization
-great influence on you
-family, school – hidden curriculum - self-motivated, peer groups & mass media
-peer groups – most important social influence in your life (helps separate you from
your family parents)
-coca colonization – American popular culture spread across the globe