Status: a position in relation to other people. Examples: a hockey player, restaurant server, hr specialist, social worker, sex trade workers, father, sister, best friend, voter. Roles: expected behaviour of a person in a particular status (shaffir and. Pawluch follow parsons: responsibilities and privileges of a status) A status describes what one is, a role describes what one does. An ascribed status: usually one a person is born into (e. g. , class), or imposed by nature, usually considered unchangeable. The all-india census 1868-1871: gender categories understandable to the. An achieved status: earned or chosen by the actor (e. g. class), usually considered as changeable. Ascribed statuses often influence achievement of statuses. A situation where the demands of one role are at odds with another: 1. Time demands of multiple roles: the actor must choose which role to fulfill: 2. Internalized norms of one role spill over into another and result in inappropriate behaviour in that role.