·Spells of poverty: when families move in and out of poverty. Ie/ between jobs.
Myths about the Poor:
Imageries about differentiating the “deserving” and “undeserving” poor.
1.People are poor because they don’t want to work- in most poor families, at
least one member works. Ie/ minimum wage
2.Overwhelming majority of poor people are immigrants- Immigrants
experience poverty at lower rates than Aboriginals.
3.Welfare rolls are crammed with young people who should be earning their
living- Small percentage is actually young. Ie/ under 25
4.Most poor people are trapped in poverty.- Family incomes are unstable and
they slip in and out of poverty, not permanently stuck there.
·Poverty is a social construction
· Individual-level explanations focus on attributes of poor people different from others. Ie/
·For the most part, poverty is irrelevant of individual attributes.
·Social-psychological emphasizes low self-esteem, lack of motivation and delay of
gratification. Poverty continues.
·Various arguments states that poverty is cause-and-effect, and stresses the social
organization or subsystems in society like our economy affects poverty.
·Social policies like minimum wage and progressive taxes doesn’t redistribute income,
since the % of taxes paid is the same, and rich families shelter their income from taxes.
·Discrimination affects poverty. Ie/ Natives
·Global inequality: difference in economic rankings of countries.
·Cross-national variations in internal stratification: differences among countries’
stratification system. Ie/gap between rich and poor.