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Canada (494,377)
Sociology (2,417)
SOCA01H3 (591)

Chapter 17 - Brym

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Chapter 17 notes Mass education - Education system second in importance to family - More than half the people in developing countries are illiterate - In the 1900s Canada and US were first to approach universal education - Family and religious institutes were the main socializing factor for the young as well as teaching them skills - Many couldnt read, Catholic Church did not allow it until the rise of Protestantism Uniform Socialization - Systems of education created strong pressures toward uniformity and standardization - Common culture - Now people travel miles for higher education, no distinction in religion or race - Compulsory attendance for effectiveness of mass education was enforced by laws - 94% families send children to public school, others do home-school or private school (Canada) o o Rising Levels of Education - 1951: 1 in 50 Canadians completed University degree - Now, 1 in 4 Canadians btwn 24 and 65 years have University degree - Education is most visible option for improving employment oEducational achievement: the learning or skill that an individual acquires and at least in principle it is what grades reflect oEducational attainment: number of years, certificates or degrees of schooling completed - In practice, non-academics factors such as family play a large role in determining who completes an advanced education o Individual Advantages and Disadvantages: - Degree of education influences unemployment rates as well as earning prospects. More education, higher pay - Higher education does not necessarily give more pay, but it tends to o o The Rise of Mass Schooling o Four factors: o Development of printing press 1436, Gutenberg Inexpensive books in everyday languages o Protestant Reformation Martin Luther, German monk
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