Class Notes (1,017,263)
CA (584,537)
UTSC (34,705)
Sociology (2,467)
SOCA01H3 (601)

SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Social Stigma, Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

5 pages86 viewsFall 2009

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Manhunts: Chapter 6 –Ungar
· Welfare system based on a hierarchy of deservedness –creates
hardships for mothers who have to prove they deserve welfare
· These struggles began after the introduction of OMA in 1920
(Ontario Mothers Allowance)
· Welfare policy (OMA) is now called Family Benefits Act (FBA)-
initially started to support poor widows
· FBA expanded to support deserted, divorced, unwed, cohabitating
mothers, mothers with incapacitated husbands and single fathers
· FBA helps to stigmatize the poor
· Ontario gov’t has begun cutting back welfare programs and increase
the investigations of mothers (in order to see if they are worthy for
· July 1993- single mothers with children over age 12 are pressured to
find work
· Despite the welfare policy expanding and liberalizing over the past 73
years, poor single mothers must still submit to ‘intrusive
investigations and prove their worthiness
· OMA was the base of all welfare policies
· Moral investigation of welfare recipients was not thoroughly
investigated by welfare scholars
· Moral concerns about the poor are often associated with charity work
before the 20th century-many assume this scrutiny decreased with the
post-World War II welfare state
· Scholars influenced by Durkheim, Weber, and Foucault explored
moral regulations of citizens
· They observed how these practices become a project of normalizing,
of rendering natural unequal relationships between the rulers and the
· Concept of moral regulations helps to emphasize certain aspects of
the welfare policy that have been neglected
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

· Clear social and economic interests behind the start of OMA because
there was concern about increased number of unemployed soldiers
· Also desire to replace the loss of soldiers with healthy future citizens-
Anglo Saxon to be specific
· Gender politics also played a big rolewomen had increased role in
the public and job market
· Women were encouraged to return home and lost these jobs to men
· Women also achieved the federal vote in 1918
· Mothers allowance provided a solution to the social, economic, and
gender problems
· OMA persuaded mothers to leave work and return to their families
and gave public value to motherhood
· This policy encouraged women into an economic, social, and sexual
dependent relationship within the family
· HOWEVER, economic interests do not explain the intrusive
investigations the policy allows
· Charity women believed that economic deprivations were caused by
promiscuity, drinking and insanitary habits
· This led them to play intrusive roles in the lives of the poor women—
condoned women who worked outside home
· OMA demanded that to support poor widowed mothers they had to
be fit and proper”
· Led into intrusive behaviour on the OMAs part into these womens
· Conducted extremely thorough investigations—advised mothers on
everything including bedding, care of children, sleeping arrangements
· Policy expanded overtime to include other types of mothers
(mentioned with the FBA )
· There is a fine line between moral worthiness and financial
· Welfare received was very lowforced them to work part time
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.