Class Notes (810,861)
Canada (494,337)
Sociology (2,417)
SOCA01H3 (591)
Lecture 9

Sociology Lecture 9 notes

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Ivanka Knezevic

Sociology. Deviance- Theories and research results Sociological definition of deviance - Deviance is non- compliance with social norms that provokes a negative social reaction, and an attempt to control the behaviour and/or punish the perpetrator. - Crime is deviance sanctioned by law - Objective and subjective concepts of deviance: moral status accorded thoughts, actions, characteristics, and persons. Types of deviance - Social diversions: Harmless non-compliance to social norms; it does not elicit sanction “fads” - Social deviations: non-compliance to social norms that elicits an informal sanction - Conflict crimes: non-compliance to law; members of society disagree its seriousness and the appropriate sanction. - Consensus crimes: most members of society agree on their seriousness. - Is theft a consensus crime? - Is murder a consensus crime? C.f. Saccoo and Horton: ordinary and extreme deviance. Theories of deviance  Questions 1. Why do some people engage in deviance? - Structural – functionalist theories: strain, cultural support, differential association - Symbolic- interactionist: transactional, labelling 2. Why don’t all people engage in deviance? - Structural functionalist: social control 3. How are behaviours defined as deviant? - Structural-functionalist: conservative control theory - Neo-Marxist: radical control theory - Post-modernist: discourse as means of social control normalized by the powerful; minority views are unheard. Strain Theory- Merton - Lack of fit between the accepted cultural goals and socially acceptable means available to achieve these goals - This strain creates four types of coping strategies: innovation (crime), ritualism, retreatism and rebellion. - Critique: fails to account for middle-class and upper-class crime and deviance. - A child that is a very bright minded student and is from a family of the working class would do worse than a rich child that cheats its way threw university. Cultural support theory- Sutherland Subcultural Theory - People become deviant because they are exposed to learning experiences that make deviance more likely, i.e to a subculture of deviance. - Rationalisations: deviant people learn to believe that their behaviour is morally acceptable. - Knezevic: A weak critique: tautological (values are inferred from behaviour, behaviour is explained by
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.