Sociology Part 2: Lecture 8
Sociology program: quantitative data, qualitative data, making your own
Learn how social actions and social process are patterned
Sociology undergrad research day
Year one: intro to the discipline
Year 2: logic of research, critical thinking and writing, theoretical foundations of
Jobs and careers: in the fields of health or education, public policy analysis, social
services or immigrant
Criminal justice, human resources
Sociology graduate school (MA)
Social service (MSW)
Planning next year’s coursework. For more information: Academic advising :
March 27 and 28 (Meeting place) 9-4
Chapter 9: Globalization and jobs
Early 90s there was panic over jobs. Now globalization increases threat to
workers. Now its not as bad as the 90’s but problem still exist.
As we move, we distribute income more equally, the level of inequality fall, but it
increases within the nation
Wheel of fortune: depression generation vs. baby boomers – reverse early
Depression – doesn’t need any explanation, - getting one new dress a year made
by a mother. It ended up rich. Biggest boom is passing on their money to the
baby boomers. They started really well but their experiences has been reversed,
started losing their jobs. In some cases, things flip around.
Savage capitalism- inequality is getting greater. : ruthless economy – creative
destruction. It creates things but destructive at the same time. Technologies has
taken away lots of middle class jobs. Since computer has replaced them in that
Downsizing- based on computer works , Outsourcing – globalization to other
countries of the world
Globalization is a key thing – sing transnational economy. People do business all
over the world now. Spread of a global culture – some of these things are
expensive. Hollywood movies dominates. American culture is a very dominant
culture even though its pathetic.
Increased global interdependence – huge concern of what’s going on with
Europe, Italy, china, japan, - if Europe goes down they will go down too
A lot of it is from America – the domination of culture and food
Transnational corporations – of the 100 largest economies in the wolrd – most
oft them don’t pay as much taxes. They just hide their money and you can’t make
them pay taxes. 51 are corporation , 49 are countries
The top 200 corporations’ combines sales are bigger than combined GNPs of 182
counties. Transnational – don’t have loyalty to the home country – made in the world. We see this more with the car. Maximize the taxes and minimize the
benefits. Communism – didn’t have much money. US multinational corporations,
2000s – cut jobs in the US – outsourcing, cut 2.9 million US jobs, and added 2.4
million foreign jobs. Chinese workers worked better than American workers,
much more disciplined.
Global production – great production. Products might be a bit cheaper in North
America. Samsung products are cheaper than Apple.
But US “stealing” world’s doctors. Lots of doctors want to practice in the US, and
can’t make more money In any other places
Living in a world of transnational jobs where people move all over
Exploit workers in developing countries. Factories pay less in they are across the
border but more inside.
Foxconn: 12 hours a day working. Earn $2 per hours. Suicide nets, a lot of people
sleep in a room. Work 90 hours a week. Couldn’t produce it in Canada, there
wouldn’t be the line up to go there
India – outsource . why? British colonized India – they know English.[ 2
language] Indian genius’s of Mathematics – does well In the areas of computers
and so does China. Trying to come to Chinese situation and produce more.
China: move to somewhere else, looking for cheapest workers. Gets exploited .
global manufacturer – companies locate there to produce – 12% china’s exports
go to Wal-Mart. Chinese devaluates their money on purpose. Why locate in
China? – no union, cheaper wages, hardworking workers – a communist
German didn’t make cars as good as the Japanese. The one area where they failed
is the computer area where India and China did really well
Technological revolution – knowledge workers – the bankers not the workers!
At the top – constant pressure to update
Computer Chip capacity 1973-2000 [doubles every 2 years]
Re-distribution of power – weakened national state – little power over TNC.
Intervene a little over the national state. It’s powerful – when Apple don’t pay
the taxes, that’s when the states goes so low.
Huge debts : loss of currency control – people get more but they don’t want to
pay for it. American’s don’t want to raise the taxes. People don’t want anything
Unions weakened too – US – 14% unionized in 1997 Vs. 36% in 1945
Power is shifting just like its shifting to Asia – the productivity of wealth
Lots of Russians are very wealthy and they buy all the luxury products
Affect on jobs : Early capitalism: the idea was De-skill (recall Taylorism) – do the
same thing all the time, simple enough that you can’t screw up too badly
Alienation on assembly line
Then Human relations – intervening to now. – workers as most important
“capital” Concern with quality of working life.
Human relations – created a classic social contract[recall equity equation) –
Tacit social contract – equal outcome over inputs.
High productivity shared wealth
Loyalty job guarantees Minimum wage – still $7.50 in US. people have to have 2-3 jobs.
Precarious – no job guarantees at any level.
Now – under “guise” of globalization – end social contract – it’s a competition. If
you fall behind, people won’t have the desire for it
Delink corporate earning (profit) from employee earnings. – no longer transfer
the money onto their workers
Top 50 CEOs Vs. Average worker: 1995: 85X wages – a huge gap. Now its 2007:
398 X wages. Disney powers didn’t work out properly. His income was more
than the companies condition. When you fire them, they buy you out or give you
“Lean” product ion to compete – companies downsize – existed where you have
farm and specialties were to buy them off and make it profitable but cut only
10% of the employees and it doesn’t go to the employees but the stakeholders
Substitute bad jobs for good: “Precarious Employment”. Internships – get free
labour on you. Don’t pay anything to you.
Contract out, Later: outsource . locally – hospitals do this – cleaning the hospital,
they hire illegal immigrant – outsource to cheaper workers, house cleaners
gardeners – pay them under the table.
De-skill – Re-engineer with software, - software can help these skills, you can get
rid of people and don’t pay benefits. France – soc