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Lecture 8

Sociology Part 2 Lecture 8.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

Sociology Part 2: Lecture 8  Sociology program: quantitative data, qualitative data, making your own research  Learn how social actions and social process are patterned  Sociology undergrad research day  Year one: intro to the discipline  Year 2: logic of research, critical thinking and writing, theoretical foundations of the discipline  Jobs and careers: in the fields of health or education, public policy analysis, social services or immigrant  Criminal justice, human resources  Sociology graduate school (MA)  Social service (MSW)  Planning next year’s coursework. For more information: Academic advising : March 27 and 28 (Meeting place) 9-4  Chapter 9: Globalization and jobs  Early 90s there was panic over jobs. Now globalization increases threat to workers. Now its not as bad as the 90’s but problem still exist.  As we move, we distribute income more equally, the level of inequality fall, but it increases within the nation  Wheel of fortune: depression generation vs. baby boomers – reverse early experiences.  Depression – doesn’t need any explanation, - getting one new dress a year made by a mother. It ended up rich. Biggest boom is passing on their money to the baby boomers. They started really well but their experiences has been reversed, started losing their jobs. In some cases, things flip around.  Savage capitalism- inequality is getting greater. : ruthless economy – creative destruction. It creates things but destructive at the same time. Technologies has taken away lots of middle class jobs. Since computer has replaced them in that area.  Downsizing- based on computer works , Outsourcing – globalization to other countries of the world  Globalization is a key thing – sing transnational economy. People do business all over the world now. Spread of a global culture – some of these things are expensive. Hollywood movies dominates. American culture is a very dominant culture even though its pathetic.  Increased global interdependence – huge concern of what’s going on with Europe, Italy, china, japan, - if Europe goes down they will go down too  A lot of it is from America – the domination of culture and food  Transnational corporations – of the 100 largest economies in the wolrd – most oft them don’t pay as much taxes. They just hide their money and you can’t make them pay taxes. 51 are corporation , 49 are countries  The top 200 corporations’ combines sales are bigger than combined GNPs of 182 counties. Transnational – don’t have loyalty to the home country – made in the world. We see this more with the car. Maximize the taxes and minimize the benefits. Communism – didn’t have much money. US multinational corporations, 2000s – cut jobs in the US – outsourcing, cut 2.9 million US jobs, and added 2.4 million foreign jobs. Chinese workers worked better than American workers, much more disciplined.  Global production – great production. Products might be a bit cheaper in North America. Samsung products are cheaper than Apple.  But US “stealing” world’s doctors. Lots of doctors want to practice in the US, and can’t make more money In any other places  Living in a world of transnational jobs where people move all over  Exploit workers in developing countries. Factories pay less in they are across the border but more inside.  Foxconn: 12 hours a day working. Earn $2 per hours. Suicide nets, a lot of people sleep in a room. Work 90 hours a week. Couldn’t produce it in Canada, there wouldn’t be the line up to go there nd  India – outsource . why? British colonized India – they know English.[ 2 language] Indian genius’s of Mathematics – does well In the areas of computers and so does China. Trying to come to Chinese situation and produce more.  China: move to somewhere else, looking for cheapest workers. Gets exploited . global manufacturer – companies locate there to produce – 12% china’s exports go to Wal-Mart. Chinese devaluates their money on purpose. Why locate in China? – no union, cheaper wages, hardworking workers – a communist countries  German didn’t make cars as good as the Japanese. The one area where they failed is the computer area where India and China did really well  Technological revolution – knowledge workers – the bankers not the workers! At the top – constant pressure to update  Computer Chip capacity 1973-2000 [doubles every 2 years]  Re-distribution of power – weakened national state – little power over TNC. Intervene a little over the national state. It’s powerful – when Apple don’t pay the taxes, that’s when the states goes so low.  Huge debts : loss of currency control – people get more but they don’t want to pay for it. American’s don’t want to raise the taxes. People don’t want anything cut back.  Unions weakened too – US – 14% unionized in 1997 Vs. 36% in 1945  Power is shifting just like its shifting to Asia – the productivity of wealth  Lots of Russians are very wealthy and they buy all the luxury products  Affect on jobs : Early capitalism: the idea was De-skill (recall Taylorism) – do the same thing all the time, simple enough that you can’t screw up too badly  Alienation on assembly line  Then Human relations – intervening to now. – workers as most important “capital” Concern with quality of working life.  Human relations – created a classic social contract[recall equity equation) – Tacit social contract – equal outcome over inputs.  High productivity shared wealth  Loyalty job guarantees  Minimum wage – still $7.50 in US. people have to have 2-3 jobs.  Precarious – no job guarantees at any level.  Now – under “guise” of globalization – end social contract – it’s a competition. If you fall behind, people won’t have the desire for it  Delink corporate earning (profit) from employee earnings. – no longer transfer the money onto their workers  Top 50 CEOs Vs. Average worker: 1995: 85X wages – a huge gap. Now its 2007: 398 X wages. Disney powers didn’t work out properly. His income was more than the companies condition. When you fire them, they buy you out or give you some deal.  “Lean” product ion to compete – companies downsize – existed where you have farm and specialties were to buy them off and make it profitable but cut only 10% of the employees and it doesn’t go to the employees but the stakeholders  Substitute bad jobs for good: “Precarious Employment”. Internships – get free labour on you. Don’t pay anything to you.  Contract out, Later: outsource . locally – hospitals do this – cleaning the hospital, they hire illegal immigrant – outsource to cheaper workers, house cleaners gardeners – pay them under the table.  De-skill – Re-engineer with software, - software can help these skills, you can get rid of people and don’t pay benefits. France – soc
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