SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Demographic Transition, Moral Panic, Black Death

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14 Apr 2013
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Demography: 1850: population was 1 billion. Limited by starvation, disease and war: 2000: population was 6 billion. 14th century: population dips from famine to black death) How many is too many: the malthus theorem: if births go unchecked, the population will outstrip the food supply. Population determinants: fertility (2. 1=replacement level, mortality deaths, migration people moving in and out. First population explosion: takes place in the west; tied to industrialization in the west, explained by: demographic transition. Demographic transition theory: diagram in book, there"s a critical gap: birth rates going up and death rate falling. 2nd population explosion: post ww2 in the south . Without sophisticated medicine, most of them wouldn"t surviveoh. Lead to predictions of 16 billion or more. 2 population problems: north: aging populations. South: surprise reversal: population growth starts to decline in late 1970s. Fertility rate drops from 6-4 in two decades (2. 1=stable population) But: demographic momentum: these kids are going to reproduce too.

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