SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Motor Vehicle Theft, Assault, Burglary

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
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SOCA02 Week 5 February 7, 2013
Mid term exam Room SY110 103 multiple choice questions
Deviance & crime
- 1. Rule Making
- 2. Rule Breaking
o “Causes of deviance/crime
- 3. Rule application
o “Social Reaction”
Model of Deviance
- Rules (need to be made)
o Rule breaking
Un/noticed//not responded to Normal
Or Social reaction Deviant label
Deviance as Contingent
- Rules Rule breaking Noticed Responded to Labeled deviant
Deviance is..
- Rule breaking + a social reaction
- What other model can you make combining these variables?
- No rule breaking but a social reaction
o Ex. Falsely accused
Innocent (examples)
Deviance as harmful…
- Destructive outcomes
o Problems
Some deviance is not harmful
Victimless crimes?
o Ex. Marijuana (Used to be), Prostitution, Pirating software
(songs, videos & etc.)
Definition of harm varies across time and place
Rule Making
- By Whom?
- The “powerful”
o Elites
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o Dominant Class (Marxian)
Types of Deviance and Crime
- Consensus Crime
o Wearing samurai hairstyle in medieval Japan
o Ex. Child molesting, child molesting
- Conflict Crime
o Growing a long beard in early seventeenth-century Russia
o Ex. Soft drug use
- Social Deviation
o Wearing long hair in John Lie’s high school
- Social diversion
o Dying your hair purple in Canada today
Types of Rules (Fro Crime)
- Consensus Crimes
- Conflict Crimes
- Note: Shifting boundaries between the two
o Shifts depend on the relative power of contenders
o Crimes can also be de-criminalized
Durkheim
- Deviance inevitable
o Even in a society of angels
Durkheim: Functions of Crime
- 1) Increases social solidarity through collective expressions of outrage
o Reminding people of their common values
- 2) Clarifies the group’s boundaries
- 3) May challenge the rules
o Allowing them to be changed
Claim
- We all violate norms
- But get noticed?
- Serious enough for
o Criminal record?
o Jail time?
Social reaction
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