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Lecture 5

SOCA02 - Week 5 - February 7, 2013

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02 – Week 5 – February 7, 2013 Mid term exam – Room SY110 – 103 multiple choice questions Deviance & crime - 1. Rule Making - 2. Rule Breaking o “Causes of deviance/crime - 3. Rule application o “Social Reaction” Model of Deviance - Rules (need to be made) o Rule breaking  Un/noticed//not responded to  Normal  Or Social reaction  Deviant label Deviance as Contingent - Rules  Rule breaking  Noticed  Responded to  Labeled deviant Deviance is.. - Rule breaking + a social reaction - What other model can you make combining these variables? - No rule breaking but a social reaction o Ex. Falsely accused  Innocent (examples) Deviance as harmful… - Destructive outcomes o Problems  Some deviance is not harmful  Victimless crimes? o Ex. Marijuana (Used to be), Prostitution, Pirating software (songs, videos & etc.)  Definition of harm varies across time and place Rule Making - By Whom? - The “powerful” o Elites o Dominant Class (Marxian) Types of Deviance and Crime - Consensus Crime o Wearing samurai hairstyle in medieval Japan o Ex. Child molesting, child molesting - Conflict Crime o Growing a long beard in early seventeenth-century Russia o Ex. Soft drug use - Social Deviation o Wearing long hair in John Lie’s high school - Social diversion o Dying your hair purple in Canada today Types of Rules (Fro Crime) - Consensus Crimes - Conflict Crimes - Note: Shifting boundaries between the two o Shifts depend on the relative power of contenders o Crimes can also be de-criminalized Durkheim - Deviance inevitable o Even in a society of angels Durkheim: Functions of Crime - 1) Increases social solidarity through collective expressions of outrage o Reminding people of their common values - 2) Clarifies the group’s boundaries - 3) May challenge the rules o Allowing them to be changed Claim - We all violate norms - But get noticed? - Serious enough for o Criminal record? o Jail time? Social reaction - Is a variable process - Is discretionary - Is related to power Variable Reactions - Undetected “crimes” - Not reported o No one knows you deviated Discreation in Responding - Deviance can be o Ignored o Tolerated
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